brief review of this historic battle is warranted for it truly changed the course of the American Revolution, and in doing so, changed the course of human history. The Battle of Trenton was a monumental victory for General George Washington and the ragged army he led. It was the first time during the war that the disheveled American Army demonstrated that they were a force to be feared.

The Battle of Trenton began on Christmas Day, December 1776, when General Washington's army was in a pitiful condition, and was steadily growing weaker. Troops were deserting, it was bitter cold and they lacked food, shoes and blankets. British and Hessian troops were swarming over Princeton, Trenton, Hopewell and Lawrenceville. John Hart, Richard Stockton and John Witherspoon had all fled and gone into hiding.

It was under these conditions that Washington made his famous crossing. He had heard from a scout that the Hessians, overcome by the holiday spirit, were spending the evening relaxing and enjoying food and wine. Washington decided to cross at night and surprise them in the morning. So while the Hessians were enjoying their wine and song, the Continental Army was preparing to attack. The army silently advanced from Bucks County in Pennsylvania to the Delaware River. They crossed the icy Delaware to McConkey's Ferry eight miles north of Trenton. There, in Ewing Township, Washington divided his army, and nine hours later they met; 2400 men gathered around Washington to hear the order for an assault on Trenton.

The Hessians were sleeping when word arrived at 8:00 a.m. that the Americans had entered the City. Minutes later, Hessian troops had gathered in the streets, and Washington's army attacked - killing five Hessian officers, one non commissioned officer, and sixteen privates. There were 918 prisoners taken to Newtown, Pennsylvania. Of the American losses, two soldiers supposedly froze to death, one or two American privates were wounded, and three officers were wounded, including James Monroe, who would survive to become the fifth President of the United States.