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Principal and VP/AP Evaluation

Principal evaluation consists of two primary components: Principal Practice (measured by observations and evaluation leadership,) and Student Achievement (measured by Student Growth Objectives, Administrative Goals, and for a select group of principals, Student Growth Percentiles).

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What are the components of principal/AP/VP evaluation?

Click on each component for a short overview:

Components of Principal Evaluation

Principal Practice: Based upon at least two observations using a state- approved, research-based principal practice instrument.  Information sources for the observations may include:

  • School walkthrough
  • Case studies
  • Observation of staff meeting, school assembly
  • Parent conference observation
  • Teacher conference observation

Evaluation Leadership: The State Evaluation Leadership Instruments measure how effectively school leaders implement the evaluation system.  These rubrics are used to evaluate how well principals, assistant principals, and vice principals perform each of the following:

  • Prepare teachers for success*
  • Build collaboration*
  • Fulfill requirements of the evaluation system
  • Provide feedback, coaching, and planning for growth
  • Ensure reliable, valid observation results
  • Ensure high-quality SGOs

* Principals only. 

Principal Evaluation Leadership Instrument
Assistant and Vice Principal Evaluation Leadership Instrument

Student Growth Objective Average:  This measure is an average of every teacher's SGO rating for the year.  Assistant and vice principals may use only the SGO ratings of a subset of teachers for whom they are more directly responsible.  For more information about SGOs click here.

School-wide Student Growth Percentile (School-wide SGP):  This measure is the median score of all the SGPs scores in a school.  SGPs at the student level assess how much a student improves on his or her NJ ASK score from the previous year as compared to students across the state with the same previous score.

Administrator Goals: These student achievement goals are set by principals in consultation with their Chief School Administrators each year. Local districts have discretion to determine the total number of goals (between one and four) that each administrator sets. Assistant and vice-principals may set the same goals as the principals or may set others that more closely reflect their responsibilities within the school.  A wide variety of measures of student achievement are available for Administrator Goals, including:

  • Nationally norm-referenced tests (such as the Developmental Reading Assessment)
  • Annual measurable objectives (AMOs)
  • Advanced Placement scores
  • SAT, ACT scores
  • College acceptance rates

Please refer to the Administrator Goals: Updated Guidance and Exemplars (PDF | Word) and the Optional Goal-Setting Template.

Summative Rating: A combination of component scores using state-defined weightings. For more details click here.

How is a principal evaluation scored?

Principal evaluation scores are the combination of principal practice ratings, the evaluation leadership score, and student achievement measures. These weights vary depending on whether SGP grades/subjects exist in the principal's school. For more information on principal scoring, please visit the Evaluation Scoring page.

What is the relationship between principal evaluation and teacher evaluation?

The efforts of teachers and principals in driving student achievement are closely connected.  For principals, this means establishing an optimal learning environment where teachers are able to do their best work and grow professionally.  How well principals establish this environment is measured by the Principal Practice and Evaluation Leadership Instruments.  These rubrics are used by the principal's supervisor to evaluate how principals establish collaborative structures and provide teachers training, feedback, coaching, and professional learning opportunities in implementing AchieveNJ.  In addition, principals must demonstrate that they and their staff are conducting high quality observations that fairly and accurately reflect teaching performance and that teachers are using high quality measures of student achievement.  Principals who do these things well should receive higher evaluation ratings.  As with teachers, principals are evaluated based on the growth and achievement of their students.

To view the Principal Evaluation Leadership Instrument click here.
To view the VP/AP Evaluation Leadership Instrument click here.

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