New Jersey Core Curriculum Content Standards

Science

Science Practices (5.1) and Verbs

Categories for Empirical Reasoning

Science Practices

Verbs

Planning, Designing and Data Acquisition

  • Understands interrelationships among central science concepts; 
  • Develops  productive questions(s);
  • Selects observation tools and procedures;
  • Selects measurement tools and units of measurement; and
  • Uses central science concepts to build and critique arguments.

 

presents
asks
responds
discusses
revises
expands

challenges
critiques
knows
uses
interprets

Data Collection

  • Sets standards for quality control;
  • Proposes controls;
  • Forms conventions;
  • Observes systematically;
  • Measures accurately; and
  • Structures data

 

examines
reviews
evaluates
modifies
generates

Evidence (Data Use)

  • Masters conceptual understandings;
  • Generates evidence;
  • Structures evidence;
  • Uses results of measurement and observation; and
  • Constructs and defends arguments using evidence;

 

extends
refines
revises
decides
categorizes

Patterns (Modeled Evidence)

  • Creates evidence-based models (conceptual, mathematical, and symbolic);
  • Models mathematically;
  • Masters use of mathematical, physical and computational tools; and
  • Presents evidence.

 

represents
evaluates
predicts
discovers
interprets

manipulates
build
refines
analyzes
models

Explanation

  • Understandings how evidence and arguments based on evidence are generated;
  • Searches for core explanation;
  • Considers alternatives;
  • Builds conceptual-based models;
  • Proposes theories;
  • Revises predictions and explanations; and
  • Generates new and productive questions.

builds
refines
represents
interacts

(Duschl, R. & Grandy, R.2008)