The No Child Left behind Act (NCLB) of 2001 was signed into law on January 8, 2002 by President Bush. The act represented the President's education reform plan and contained the most sweeping changes to the Elementary and Secondary Education Act (ESEA) since it was enacted in 1965. NCLB changed the federal government's role in K-12 education by focusing on school success as measured by student achievement. The act also contained the President's four basic education reform principles:
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