New Jersey Core Curriculum Content Standards
May 1996

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Language Arts And Literacy Standards And Progress Indicators
Standard 3.1:
All Students Will Speak For A Variety Of Real Purposes And Audiences

Descriptive Statement: Speaking, both formally and informally, is critical to the learning process. Language arts literacy develops when students in large and small groups engage in discourse and dialogue about literature, nonfiction, and topics of current concern and interest. Students should have opportunities to prepare and participate in more formal presentations, such as speeches, panel discussions, and debates. They should have opportunities to use language for a variety of other purposes, including questioning, sharing information, telling a humorous story, and helping others to achieve goals. Students should recognize that what they hear, write, read, and view contributes to the content and quality of their oral language.

Cumulative Progress Indicators

By the end of Grade 4, students:

1.

Use listening, writing, reading, and viewing to assist with speaking.

2.

Adjust oral communications for different purposes and audiences.

3.

Use oral communication to influence the behavior of others.

4.

Modify oral communication in response to the reactions of others.

5.

Participate in collaborative speaking activities, such as choral reading, plays, and reciting of poems.

6.

Participate in discussion by alternating the roles of speaker and listener.

7.

Talk with others to identify, explore, and solve problems.

8.

Speak before a group to express thoughts and ideas, convey an opinion, present information, and tell a story.

9.

Use the conventions of spoken English, such as grammar and appropriate forms of address.

10.

Read aloud with meaning.

11.

Give directions and/or instructions.

12.

Tell, retell, summarize, and paraphrase ideas.

13.

Use visual aids and nonverbal behaviors to support spoken messages.

Building upon knowledge and skills gained in the preceding grades, by the end of Grade 8, students:

14.

Use clear, concise, organized language in speaking situations.

15.

Speak before a group to defend an opinion and present an oral interpretation.

16.

Recognize when audiences do not understand the message, and make appropriate adjustments.

17.

Conduct an informational interview.

18.

Receive and use constructive feedback to improve speaking ability.

Building upon knowledge and skills gained in the preceding grades, by the end of Grade 12, students:

19.

Identify the elements of debate.

20.

Prepare for and participate in structured debates and panel discussions.

21.

Present an extemporaneous speech.

22.

Demonstrate interview skills in real-life situations, such as college admissions or employment.

 

 

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