New Jersey Core Curriculum Content Standards
May 1996

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Science Standards And Progress Indicators
Standard 5.10:
All Students Will Gain An Understanding Of The Structure, Dynamics, And Geophysical Systems Of The Earth

Descriptive Statement: The study of science should include a study of the planet Earth and its relationship to the rest of the universe. This standard describes what students should know about the composition of the earth and the forces that shape it, while Standard 5.11 describes what students should know about astronomy and space science.

Cumulative Progress Indicators

By the end of Grade 4, students:

1.

Recognize and demonstrate the use of different kinds of maps.

2.

Investigate materials that make up the earth, including rocks, minerals, soils, and fossils, and how they are formed.

3.

Identify major sources and uses of water, discussing the forms in which it appears.

4.

Collect and record weather data to identify existing weather conditions, and recognize how those conditions affect our daily lives.

Building upon knowledge and skills gained in the preceding grades, by the end of Grade 8, students:

5.

Compare different map projections, and explain how physical features are represented on each.

6.

Identify the major features of the earth's crust, the processes and events that change them, and the impact of those changes on people.

7.

Identify the age of fossils, and explain how they provide evidence that life has changed through time.

8.

Describe and explain the causes of the natural processes and events that shaped the earth's surface and interior.

9.

Monitor local weather conditions and changes in the atmosphere that lead to weather systems.

10.

Investigate the composition, cycling, and distribution of the world's oceans and other naturally occurring sources of water.

Building upon knowledge and skills gained in the preceding grades, by the end of Grade 12, students:

11.

Use the evidence provided by topography, fossils, rock stratification, ice cores, and radiometric data to investigate the earth's changes.

12.

Use the theory of plate tectonics to explain the relationship among earthquakes, volcanoes, mid-ocean ridges, and deep sea trenches.

13.

Explore how weather phenomena and human activity are interrelated.

14.

Identify and explain factors that influence water quality needed to sustain life.

 

 

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