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New Jersey Core Curriculum Content Standards

May 1996

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Social Studies Standards And Progress Indicators
Standard 6.8:
All Students Will Acquire Geographical Understanding By Studying Human Systems In Geography

Descriptive Statement: Students need to understand the interaction of human and environmental factors. The study of human systems includes the characteristics, distribution, and migration of human populations on the earth's surface; the characteristics, distribution and complexity of the earth's cultures; patterns and networks of economic interdependence; processes, patterns, and functions of human settlement; and how cooperation and conflict influence the division and control of the earth's surface.

Cumulative Progress Indicators

By the end of Grade 4, students:


Identify the distribution and characteristics of populations at different scales, and understand the causes and effects of human migration.


Discuss the similarities, differences, and interdependencies among rural, suburban, and urban communities.


Compare the effects of geography on economic activities locally and in New Jersey, the United States, and different parts of the world.


Explain how improvements in transportation and communication have resulted in global interdependence.


Compare the physical characteristics of places and regions.

Building upon knowledge and skills gained in the preceding grades, by the end of Grade 8, students:


Compare and analyze demographic characteristics of populations, and determine the reasons for variations.


Identify the spatial patterns of settlement in different regions of the world.


Explain the causes and effects of urbanization.


Give reasons for the changes in spatial patterns of human activities.


Describe how changes in technology affect the location of human activities.


Give reasons for global interdependence.

Building upon knowledge and skills gained in the preceding grades, by the end of Grade 12, students:


Predict trends in world population numbers and patterns.


Analyze the impact of human migration on physical and human systems.


Analyze and compare the functions and spatial arrangement of cities locally and globally.


Analyze the processes that change urban structure, and the impact of changes in urban areas.


Explain the historical movement pattern of people and goods, and analyze the bases for increasing global interdependence.


Explain how physical, social, cultural, and economic processes shape the features of places and regions.



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