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New Jersey Core Curriculum Content Standards

May 1996

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Social Studies Standards And Progress Indicators
Standard 6.9:
All Students Will Acquire Geographical Understanding By Studying The Environment And Society

Descriptive Statement: Students should learn how people are able to live in various kinds of physical environments by developing patterns of spatial organization that take advantage of opportunities and avoid or minimize limitations.

Cumulative Progress Indicators

By the end of Grade 4, students:


Explain the characteristics of renewable and nonrenewable resources and their distribution, and the role of resources in daily life.


Explain how people depend on the physical environment and how they modify the environment.


Identify the consequences of natural environmental changes and crises and human modifications of the environment, and explain how an event in one location can have an impact upon another location.

Building upon knowledge and skills gained in the preceding grades, by the end of Grade 8, students:


Describe world patterns of resource distribution and utilization, and discuss the management and use of renewable and nonrenewable resources.


Explain and predict how the physical environment can accommodate, and be affected by human activity.

Building upon knowledge and skills gained in the preceding grades, by the end of Grade 12, students:


Evaluate policies and programs related to the use of resources locally and globally.


Draw conclusions regarding the global impact of human modification of the environment.


Evaluate the environmental consequences of technological change in human history.



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