Core Curriculum Content Standards

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NJ World Class Standards
Content Area: 21st-Century Life and Careers
9.4 Career and Technical Education
Content Area 21st-Century Life and Careers
Standard 9.4 Career and Technical Education All students who complete a career and technical education program will acquire academic and technical skills for careers in emerging and established professions that lead to technical skill proficiency, credentials, certificates, licenses, and/or degrees. (For descriptions of the 16 career clusters, see the Career Clusters Table.)
Strand B. Architecture & Construction Career Cluster
By the end of grade Content Statement CPI# Cumulative Progress Indicator (CPI)
12
Academic Foundations: Academic concepts lay the foundation for the full range of career and postsecondary education opportunities within the career cluster.
9.4.12.B.1 Demonstrate language arts knowledge and skills required to pursue the full range of postsecondary education and career opportunities.                                                                                                              
9.4.12.B.2 Demonstrate mathematics knowledge and skills required to pursue the full range of postsecondary education and career opportunities.                                                                                                              
9.4.12.B.3 Demonstrate science knowledge and skills required to pursue the full range of postsecondary education and career opportunities.                                                                                                              
9.4.12.B.4 Perform math operations, such as estimating and distributing materials and supplies, to complete classroom/workplace tasks.                                                                                                              
9.4.12.B.5 Apply principles of physics, as they relate to worksite/jobsite situations, to work with materials and load applications.                                                                                                              
Communication Skills: All clusters rely on effective oral and written communication strategies for creating, expressing, and interpreting information and ideas that incorporate technical terminology and information.
9.4.12.B.6 Select and employ appropriate reading and communication strategies to learn and use technical concepts and vocabulary in practice.                                                                                                              
9.4.12.B.7 Demonstrate use of the concepts, strategies, and systems for obtaining and conveying ideas and information to enhance communication.                                                                                                              
9.4.12.B.8 Locate, organize, and reference written information from various sources to communicate with others.                                                                                                              
9.4.12.B.9 Evaluate and use information resources to accomplish specific occupational tasks.                                                                                                              
9.4.12.B.10 Use correct grammar, punctuation, and terminology to write and edit documents.                                                                                                              
9.4.12.B.11 Develop and deliver formal and informal presentations using appropriate media to engage and inform audiences.                                                                                                              
9.4.12.B.12 Interpret verbal and nonverbal cues/behaviors to enhance communication.                                                                                                              
9.4.12.B.13 Apply active listening skills to obtain and clarify information.                                                                                                              
9.4.12.B.14 Develop and interpret tables, charts, and figures to support written and oral communications.                                                                                                              
9.4.12.B.15 Listen to and speak with diverse individuals to enhance communication skills.                                                                                                              
9.4.12.B.16 Exhibit public relations skills in order to increase internal and external customer satisfaction.                                                                                                              
9.4.12.B.17 Use vocabulary and visual cues commonly used in design and construction to communicate successfully.                                                                                                              
Problem-Solving and Critical Thinking: Critical and creative thinking strategies facilitate innovation and problem-solving independently and in teams.
9.4.12.B.18 Employ critical thinking skills (e.g., analyze, synthesize, and evaluate) independently and in teams to solve problems and make decisions.                                                                                                              
9.4.12.B.19 Employ critical thinking and interpersonal skills to resolve conflicts.                                                                                                              
9.4.12.B.20 Identify, write, and monitor performance goals to guide progress in assigned areas of responsibility and accountability.                                                                                                              
9.4.12.B.21 Conduct technical research to gather information necessary for decision-making.                                                                                                              
9.4.12.B.22 Create and implement project plans to accomplish realistic planning in design and construction situations, considering available resources and requirements of a project/problem.                                                                                                              
9.4.12.B.23 Describe how design and construction project plans and schedules respond to unexpected events and conditions.                                                                                                              
Information Technology Applications: Technology is used to access, manage, integrate, and disseminate information.
9.4.12.B.24 Employ technological tools to expedite workflow.                                                                                                              
9.4.12.B.25 Operate electronic mail applications to communicate.                                                                                                              
9.4.12.B.26 Operate Internet applications to perform tasks.                                                                                                              
9.4.12.B.27 Operate writing and publishing applications to prepare business communications.                                                                                                              
9.4.12.B.28 Operate presentation applications to prepare and deliver presentations.                                                                                                              
9.4.12.B.29 Employ spreadsheet applications to organize and manipulate data.                                                                                                              
9.4.12.B.30 Employ database applications to manage data.                                                                                                              
9.4.12.B.31 Employ collaborative/groupware applications to facilitate group work.                                                                                                              
9.4.12.B.32 Employ computer operations applications to manage work tasks.                                                                                                              
9.4.12.B.33 Use computer-based equipment (containing embedded computers or processors) to control devices.                                                                                                              
9.4.12.B.34 Examine comments and suggestions from customers to formulate improvements in services/products and to enhance training of staff.                                                                                                              
Systems:
  • Roles within teams, work units, departments, organizations, inter-organizational systems, and the larger environment impact business operations.

  • Key organizational systems impact organizational performance and the quality of products and services.

  • Understanding the global context of 21st-century industries and careers impacts business operations.
9.4.12.B.35 Describe the nature and types of business organizations to build an understanding of the scope of organizations.                                                                                                              
9.4.12.B.36 Describe and use quality control systems and practices to ensure quality products and services.                                                                                                              
9.4.12.B.37 Examine how roles and responsibilities among trades/professions work in concert to complete a project/job.                                                                                                              
9.4.12.B.38 Examine all factors affecting the project planning process.                                                                                                              
9.4.12.B.39 Describe union-management relationships and contracts that involve creating a cooperative work environment.                                                                                                              
Safety, Health, and Environment: Implementation of health, safety, and environmental management systems and organizational policies and procedures impacts organizational performance, regulatory compliance, and continuous improvement.
9.4.12.B.40 Demonstrate knowledge of personal and jobsite safety rules and regulations to maintain safe and healthful working conditions and environments.                                                                                                              
9.4.12.B.41 Demonstrate knowledge of employee rights and responsibilities and employers’ obligations to maintain workplace safety and health.                                                                                                              
9.4.12.B.42 Identify emergency procedures that are necessary to provide aid in workplace accidents.                                                                                                              
9.4.12.B.43 Identify response techniques to create a disaster and/or emergency response plan.                                                                                                              
9.4.12.B.44 Explain health, safety, and environmental management systems in organizations and their importance to organizational performance and regulatory compliance.                                                                                                              
9.4.12.B.45 Evaluate organizational policies and procedures that contribute to continuous improvement in performance and compliance.                                                                                                              
9.4.12.B.46 Assess and describe the types and sources of hazards to ensure a safe environment.                                                                                                              
Leadership and Teamwork: Effective leadership and teamwork strategies foster collaboration and cooperation between business units, business partners, and business associates toward the accomplishment of organizational goals.
9.4.12.B.47 Employ leadership skills to accomplish goals and objectives.                                                                                                              
9.4.12.B.48 Employ organizational skills to foster positive working relationships and accomplish organizational goals.                                                                                                              
9.4.12.B.49 Employ teamwork skills to achieve collective goals and use team members’ talents effectively.                                                                                                              
9.4.12.B.50 Establish and maintain effective relationships in order to accomplish objectives and tasks.                                                                                                              
9.4.12.B.51 Conduct and participate in meetings to accomplish tasks.                                                                                                              
9.4.12.B.52 Employ mentoring skills to assist others.                                                                                                              
9.4.12.B.53 Establish specific goals to manage project assignments in a timely manner.                                                                                                              
Ethics and Legal Responsibilities: Legal responsibilities, professional ethics, and codes of conduct affect management practices, business performance, and regulatory compliance, as well as the confidence of customers, business partners, and investors.
9.4.12.B.54 Apply ethical reasoning to a variety of situations in order to make ethical decisions.                                                                                                              
9.4.12.B.55 Interpret and explain written organizational policies and procedures that help workers perform their tasks according to employer rules and expectations.                                                                                                              
9.4.12.B.56 Recognize legal and ethical relationships between employees and employers to establish workplace/jobsite rules, regulations, and guidelines in a design and/or construction setting.                                                                                                              
9.4.12.B.57 Read regulations and contracts to ensure ethical and safety elements are observed.                                                                                                              
9.4.12.B.58 Identify and summarize ethical and legal standards to avoid conflicts of interest in a design and/or construction setting.                                                                                                              
Employability and Career Development: Employability skills and career and entrepreneurship opportunities build the capacity for successful careers in a global economy.
9.4.12.B.59 Identify and demonstrate positive work behaviors and personal qualities needed to succeed in the classroom and/or to be employable.                                                                                                              
9.4.12.B.60 Develop a Personalized Student Learning Plan to meet career goals and objectives.                                                                                                              
9.4.12.B.61 Demonstrate skills related to seeking and applying for employment in a desired job.                                                                                                              
9.4.12.B.62 Maintain a career portfolio to document knowledge, skills, and experience in a career field.                                                                                                              
9.4.12.B.63 Demonstrate skills in evaluating and comparing employment opportunities in order to accept employment positions that match career goals.                                                                                                              
9.4.12.B.64 Identify and exhibit traits for retaining employment.                                                                                                              
9.4.12.B.65 Identify and explore careers in one or more career pathways to build an understanding of the opportunities available in the cluster.                                                                                                              
9.4.12.B.66 Examine requirements for career advancement to plan for continuing education and training.                                                                                                              
9.4.12.B.67 Research professional development opportunities needed to keep current on relevant trends and information within the cluster.                                                                                                              
9.4.12.B.68 Examine licensing, certification, and credentialing requirements at the national, state, and local levels to maintain compliance with industry requirements.                                                                                                              
9.4.12.B.69 Examine employment opportunities in entrepreneurship as an option for career planning.                                                                                                              
9.4.12.B.70 Explain written organizational policies, rules, and procedures that are common to this cluster and that are used to help employees perform their jobs effectively.                                                                                                              
9.4.12.B.71 Recognize the responsibilities of and personal characteristics needed to succeed in careers in this cluster to develop individual goals for professionalism.                                                                                                              
Technical Skills: Technical knowledge and skills play a role in all careers within the cluster and pathway.
9.4.12.B.72 Employ information management techniques and strategies to assist in decision-making.                                                                                                              
9.4.12.B.73 Employ planning and time management skills and tools to enhance results and complete work tasks.                                                                                                              
9.4.12.B.74 Read, interpret, and use technical drawings, documents, and specifications to plan a project.                                                                                                              
9.4.12.B.75 Use and maintain appropriate tools, machinery, equipment, and resources to accomplish project goals.                                                                                                              

ContentArea 21st-Century Life and Careers
Standard 9.4 Career and Technical EducationAll students who complete a career and technical education program will acquire academic and technical skills for careers in emerging and established professions that lead to technical skill proficiency, credentials, certificates, licenses, and/or degrees. (For descriptions of the 16 career clusters, see the Career Clusters Table.)
Strand B. Architecture & Construction Career Cluster
Pathway (1) Design/Pre-Construction
By the end of grade Content Statement CPI# Cumulative Progress Indicator (CPI)
12
Communication Skills: All clusters rely on effective oral and written communication strategies for creating, expressing, and interpreting information and ideas that incorporate technical terminology and information.
9.4.12.B.(1).1 Demonstrate communication skills and strategies that are used to work effectively with potential clients and others.                                                                                                                                                                                                                            
9.4.12.B.(1).2 Employ appropriate representational media to communicate concepts and design.                                                                                                                                                                                                                            
Systems:
  • Roles within teams, work units, departments, organizations, inter-organizational systems, and the larger environment impact business operations.

  • Key organizational systems impact organizational performance and the quality of products and services.

  • Understanding the global context of 21st-century industries and careers impacts business operations.
9.4.12.B.(1).3 Integrate structural, environmental, safety, building envelope, and building service systems in the design of buildings and structures.                                                                                                                                                                                                                            
9.4.12.B.(1).4 Review traditional project phases and various roles within them to plan for and implement phases within a project.                                                                                                                                                                                                                            
Safety, Health, and Environment: Implementation of health, safety, and environmental management systems and organizational policies and procedures impacts organizational performance, regulatory compliance, and continuous improvement.
9.4.12.B.(1).5 Evaluate and select suitable environmental impact practices to enhance project acceptance and quality.                                                                                                                                                                                                                            
Leadership and Teamwork: Effective leadership and teamwork strategies foster collaboration and cooperation between business units, business partners, and business associates toward the accomplishment of organizational goals.
9.4.12.B.(1).6 Appreciate the diversity of needs, values, and social patterns in project design to appropriately meet client needs.                                                                                                                                                                                                                            
Ethics and Legal Responsibilities: Legal responsibilities, professional ethics, and codes of conduct affect management practices, business performance, and regulatory compliance, as well as the confidence of customers, business partners, and investors.
9.4.12.B.(1).7 Identify objective construction guidelines for the accommodation of people with different physical abilities to meet accessibility requirements.                                                                                                                                                                                                                            
Technical Skills: Technical knowledge and skills play a role in all careers within the cluster and pathway.
9.4.12.B.(1).8 Employ basic methods of data collection and analysis to provide information for projects.                                                                                                                                                                                                                            
9.4.12.B.(1).9 Develop technical drawings drafted by hand and computer-generated plans to design structures.                                                                                                                                                                                                                            
9.4.12.B.(1).10 Demonstrate understanding of principles, conventions, standards, applications, and restrictions pertaining to the manufacture and use of construction materials, components, and assemblies, and incorporate this understanding into project design.                                                                                                                                                                                                                            
9.4.12.B.(1).11 Apply basic organizational, spatial, structural, and constructional principles to the design of interior and exterior space so that design plans are effective.                                                                                                                                                                                                                            

ContentArea 21st-Century Life and Careers
Standard 9.4 Career and Technical EducationAll students who complete a career and technical education program will acquire academic and technical skills for careers in emerging and established professions that lead to technical skill proficiency, credentials, certificates, licenses, and/or degrees. (For descriptions of the 16 career clusters, see the Career Clusters Table.)
Strand B. Architecture & Construction Career Cluster
Pathway (2) Construction
By the end of grade Content Statement CPI# Cumulative Progress Indicator (CPI)
12
Systems:
  • Roles within teams, work units, departments, organizations, inter-organizational systems, and the larger environment impact business operations.

  • Key organizational systems impact organizational performance and the quality of products and services.

  • Understanding the global context of 21st-century industries and careers impacts business operations.
9.4.12.B.(2).1 Describe contractual relationships established among all parties involved in the building process to ensure successful build of a project.                                                                                                                                                                                                                            
9.4.12.B.(2).2 Describe submittal approval procedures that ensure effective flow of information in the construction process.                                                                                                                                                                                                                            
9.4.12.B.(2).3 Evaluate construction subcontracts and describe their relationship to construction projects.                                                                                                                                                                                                                            
9.4.12.B.(2).4 Identify project turnover procedures needed to successfully manage construction projects.                                                                                                                                                                                                                            
9.4.12.B.(2).5 Plan building in accordance with contracts to meet budget and schedule.                                                                                                                                                                                                                            
9.4.12.B.(2).6 Describe testing and inspection procedures used to ensure successful completion of construction projects.                                                                                                                                                                                                                            
9.4.12.B.(2).7 Assess the purpose for scheduling as it relates to successful completion of construction projects.                                                                                                                                                                                                                            
9.4.12.B.(2).8 Identify closeout procedures needed to effectively complete construction projects.                                                                                                                                                                                                                            
Safety, Health, and Environment: Implementation of health, safety, and environmental management systems and organizational policies and procedures impacts organizational performance, regulatory compliance, and continuous improvement.
9.4.12.B.(2).9 Demonstrate understanding of risk management principles and other strategies and tactics used to maintain, increase, or decrease risk.                                                                                                                                                                                                                            
9.4.12.B.(2).10 Create a jobsite safety program to ensure safe practices and procedures.                                                                                                                                                                                                                            
9.4.12.B.(2).11 Recognize and employ universal construction signs and symbols to function safely.                                                                                                                                                                                                                            
9.4.12.B.(2).12 Describe procedures for jobsite security to prevent liability.                                                                                                                                                                                                                            
9.4.12.B.(2).13 Create a classroom and/or jobsite environmental program.                                                                                                                                                                                                                            
Leadership and Teamwork: Effective leadership and teamwork strategies foster collaboration and cooperation between business units, business partners, and business associates toward the accomplishment of organizational goals.
9.4.12.B.(2).14 Manage relationships with teachers and classmates to successfully complete a construction project.                                                                                                                                                                                                                            
Ethics and Legal Responsibilities: Legal responsibilities, professional ethics, and codes of conduct affect management practices, business performance, and regulatory compliance, as well as the confidence of customers, business partners, and investors.
9.4.12.B.(2).15 Demonstrate knowledge of proper changeover procedures for successful completion of a construction project.                                                                                                                                                                                                                            
Technical Skills: Technical knowledge and skills play a role in all careers within the cluster and pathway.
9.4.12.B.(2).16 Examine building systems and components to evaluate their usefulness to construction projects.                                                                                                                                                                                                                            
9.4.12.B.(2).17 Use craft skills to meet or exceed teacher and/or employer expectations.                                                                                                                                                                                                                            

ContentArea 21st-Century Life and Careers
Standard 9.4 Career and Technical EducationAll students who complete a career and technical education program will acquire academic and technical skills for careers in emerging and established professions that lead to technical skill proficiency, credentials, certificates, licenses, and/or degrees. (For descriptions of the 16 career clusters, see the Career Clusters Table.)
Strand B. Architecture & Construction Career Cluster
Pathway (3) Maintenance and Operations
By the end of grade Content Statement CPI# Cumulative Progress Indicator (CPI)
12
Communication Skills: All clusters rely on effective oral and written communication strategies for creating, expressing, and interpreting information and ideas that incorporate technical terminology and information.
9.4.12.B.(3).1 Recognize and employ universal construction signs and symbols to function safely.                                                                                                                                                                                                                            
Problem-Solving and Critical Thinking: Critical and creative thinking strategies facilitate innovation and problem-solving independently and in teams.
9.4.12.B.(3).2 Use troubleshooting procedures when solving a maintenance problem to maintain project.                                                                                                                                                                                                                            
Technical Skills: Technical knowledge and skills play a role in all careers within the cluster and pathway.
9.4.12.B.(3).3 Apply construction skills when completing classroom projects and/or repairing, restoring, or renovating existing worksite structures to ensure long-term use of buildings and structures.                                                                                                                                                                                                                            
9.4.12.B.(3).4 Evaluate and assess an existing structure to determine the repairs or renovations required to restore operation of the structure.                                                                                                                                                                                                                            
9.4.12.B.(3).5 Plan and practice preventive maintenance activities to service existing structures.                                                                                                                                                                                                                            
9.4.12.B.(3).6 Assess and evaluate operational systems to achieve smooth operation of facilities.