Core Curriculum Content Standards

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NJ World Class Standards
Content Area: 21st-Century Life and Careers
9.4 Career and Technical Education
Content Area 21st-Century Life and Careers
Standard 9.4 Career and Technical Education All students who complete a career and technical education program will acquire academic and technical skills for careers in emerging and established professions that lead to technical skill proficiency, credentials, certificates, licenses, and/or degrees. (For descriptions of the 16 career clusters, see the Career Clusters Table.)
Strand D. Business, Management & Administration Career Cluster
By the end of grade Content Statement CPI# Cumulative Progress Indicator (CPI)
12
Academic Foundations: Academic concepts lay the foundation for the full range of career and postsecondary education opportunities within the career cluster.
9.4.12.D.1 Demonstrate language arts knowledge and skills required to pursue the full range of postsecondary education and career opportunities.                                                                                                              
9.4.12.D.2 Demonstrate mathematics knowledge and skills required to pursue the full range of postsecondary education and career opportunities.                                                                                                              
9.4.12.D.3 Demonstrate science knowledge and skills required to pursue the full range of postsecondary education and career opportunities.                                                                                                              
9.4.12.D.4 Solve mathematical problems and use the information to make business decisions and enhance business management duties.                                                                                                              
9.4.12.D.5 Examine and apply business and economic principles and concepts in making informed business decisions that support continued business operations.                                                                                                              
Communication Skills: All clusters rely on effective oral and written communication strategies for creating, expressing, and interpreting information and ideas that incorporate technical terminology and information.
9.4.12.D.6 Select and employ appropriate reading and communication strategies to learn and use technical concepts and vocabulary in practice.                                                                                                              
9.4.12.D.7 Demonstrate use of the concepts, strategies, and systems for obtaining and conveying ideas and information to enhance communication.                                                                                                              
9.4.12.D.8 Locate, organize, and reference written information from various sources to communicate with others.                                                                                                              
9.4.12.D.9 Evaluate and use information resources to accomplish specific occupational tasks.                                                                                                              
9.4.12.D.10 Use correct grammar, punctuation, and terminology to write and edit documents.                                                                                                              
9.4.12.D.11 Develop and deliver formal and informal presentations using appropriate media to engage and inform audiences.                                                                                                              
9.4.12.D.12 Interpret verbal and nonverbal cues/behaviors to enhance communication.                                                                                                              
9.4.12.D.13 Apply active listening skills to obtain and clarify information.                                                                                                              
9.4.12.D.14 Develop and interpret tables, charts, and figures to support written and oral communications.                                                                                                              
9.4.12.D.15 Listen to and speak with diverse individuals to enhance communication skills.                                                                                                              
9.4.12.D.16 Exhibit public relations skills in order to increase internal and external customer satisfaction.                                                                                                              
Problem-Solving and Critical Thinking: Critical and creative thinking strategies facilitate innovation and problem-solving independently and in teams.
9.4.12.D.17 Employ critical thinking skills (e.g., analyze, synthesize, and evaluate) independently and in teams to solve problems and make decisions.                                                                                                              
9.4.12.D.18 Employ critical thinking and interpersonal skills to resolve conflicts.                                                                                                              
9.4.12.D.19 Identify, write, and monitor performance goals to guide progress in assigned areas of responsibility and accountability.                                                                                                              
9.4.12.D.20 Conduct technical research to gather information necessary for decision-making.                                                                                                              
Information Technology Applications: Technology is used to access, manage, integrate, and disseminate information.
9.4.12.D.21 Employ technological tools to expedite workflow.                                                                                                              
9.4.12.D.22 Operate electronic mail applications to communicate.                                                                                                              
9.4.12.D.23 Operate Internet applications to perform tasks.                                                                                                              
9.4.12.D.24 Operate writing and publishing applications to prepare business communications.                                                                                                              
9.4.12.D.25 Operate presentation applications to prepare and deliver presentations.                                                                                                              
9.4.12.D.26 Employ spreadsheet applications to organize and manipulate data.                                                                                                              
9.4.12.D.27 Employ database applications to manage data.                                                                                                              
9.4.12.D.28 Employ collaborative/groupware applications to facilitate group work.                                                                                                              
9.4.12.D.29 Employ computer operations applications to manage work tasks.                                                                                                              
9.4.12.D.30 Use computer-based equipment (containing embedded computers or processors) to control devices.                                                                                                              
9.4.12.D.31 Employ technological tools to expedite workflow.                                                                                                              
Systems:
  • Roles within teams, work units, departments, organizations, inter-organizational systems, and the larger environment impact business operations.

  • Key organizational systems impact organizational performance and the quality of products and services.

  • Understanding the global context of 21st-century industries and careers impacts business operations.
9.4.12.D.32 Describe the nature and types of business organizations to build an understanding of the scope of organizations.                                                                                                              
9.4.12.D.33 Describe and use quality control systems and practices to ensure quality products and services.                                                                                                              
9.4.12.D.34 Identify new ideas, opportunities, and methods to create or start a new project or venture.                                                                                                              
9.4.12.D.35 Analyze the contribution of accounting systems to the fiscal stability of businesses.                                                                                                              
9.4.12.D.36 Employ tools, strategies, and systems used to maintain, monitor, control, and plan the use of financial resources.                                                                                                              
9.4.12.D.37 Identify methods that businesses use to recruit, train, and develop human resources.                                                                                                              
Safety, Health, and Environment: Implementation of health, safety, and environmental management systems and organizational policies and procedures impacts organizational performance, regulatory compliance, and continuous improvement.
9.4.12.D.38 Demonstrate knowledge of personal and jobsite safety rules and regulations to maintain safe and healthful working conditions and environments.                                                                                                              
9.4.12.D.39 Demonstrate knowledge of employee rights and responsibilities and employers’ obligations to maintain workplace safety and health.                                                                                                              
9.4.12.D.40 Identify emergency procedures that are necessary to provide aid in workplace accidents.                                                                                                              
9.4.12.D.41 Identify response techniques to create a disaster and/or emergency response plan.                                                                                                              
9.4.12.D.42 Explain health, safety, and environmental management systems in organizations and their importance to organizational performance and regulatory compliance.                                                                                                              
9.4.12.D.43 Evaluate organizational policies and procedures that contribute to continuous improvement in performance and compliance.                                                                                                              
Leadership and Teamwork: Effective leadership and teamwork strategies foster collaboration and cooperation between business units, business partners, and business associates toward the accomplishment of organizational goals.
9.4.12.D.44 Employ leadership skills to accomplish goals and objectives.                                                                                                              
9.4.12.D.45 Employ organizational skills to foster positive working relationships and accomplish organizational goals.                                                                                                              
9.4.12.D.46 Employ teamwork skills to achieve collective goals and use team members’ talents effectively.                                                                                                              
9.4.12.D.47 Establish and maintain effective relationships in order to accomplish objectives and tasks.                                                                                                              
9.4.12.D.48 Conduct and participate in meetings to accomplish tasks.                                                                                                              
9.4.12.D.49 Employ mentoring skills to assist others.                                                                                                              
Ethics and Legal Responsibilities: Legal responsibilities, professional ethics, and codes of conduct affect management practices, business performance, and regulatory compliance, as well as the confidence of customers, business partners, and investors.
9.4.12.D.50 Apply ethical reasoning to a variety of situations in order to make ethical decisions.                                                                                                              
9.4.12.D.51 Interpret and explain written organizational policies and procedures that help workers perform their tasks according to employer rules and expectations.                                                                                                              
9.4.12.D.52 Describe management’s responsibility to know and abide by laws and regulations that affect business operations.                                                                                                              
Employability and Career Development: Employability skills and career and entrepreneurship opportunities build the capacity for successful careers in a global economy.
9.4.12.D.53 Identify and demonstrate positive work behaviors and personal qualities needed to succeed in the classroom and/or to be employable.                                                                                                              
9.4.12.D.54 Develop a Personalized Student Learning Plan to meet career goals and objectives.                                                                                                              
9.4.12.D.55 Demonstrate skills related to seeking and applying for employment in a desired job.                                                                                                              
9.4.12.D.56 Maintain a career portfolio to document knowledge, skills, and experience in a career field.                                                                                                              
9.4.12.D.57 Demonstrate skills in evaluating and comparing employment opportunities in order to accept employment positions that match career goals.                                                                                                              
9.4.12.D.58 Identify and exhibit traits for retaining employment.                                                                                                              
9.4.12.D.59 Identify and explore careers in one or more career pathways to build an understanding of the opportunities available in the cluster.                                                                                                              
9.4.12.D.60 Examine requirements for career advancement to plan for continuing education and training.                                                                                                              
9.4.12.D.61 Research professional development opportunities needed to keep current on relevant trends and information within the cluster.                                                                                                              
9.4.12.D.62 Examine licensing, certification, and credentialing requirements at the national, state, and local levels to maintain compliance with industry requirements.                                                                                                              
9.4.12.D.63 Examine employment opportunities in entrepreneurship as an option for career planning.                                                                                                              
9.4.12.D.64 Explore, obtain, and develop strategies for ensuring a successful business career.                                                                                                              
Technical Skills: Technical knowledge and skills play a role in all careers within the cluster and pathway.
9.4.12.D.65 Employ information management techniques and strategies to assist in decision-making.                                                                                                              
9.4.12.D.66 Employ planning and time management skills and tools to enhance results and complete tasks.                                                                                                              
9.4.12.D.67 Access, process, maintain, and evaluate information that assists in business decision-making.                                                                                                              
9.4.12.D.68 Plan the use of financial resources to protect solvency.                                                                                                              
9.4.12.D.69 Identify tools and strategies to influence, plan, control, and organize an organization or department.                                                                                                              
9.4.12.D.70 Identify and understand processes and systems used to monitor, plan, and control day-to-day business activities.                                                                                                              
9.4.12.D.71 Demonstrate knowledge of the principles that facilitate high quality customer relationships.                                                                                                              
9.4.12.D.72 Employ systems, strategies, and techniques used to collect, organize, analyze, and share information within an organization.                                                                                                              
9.4.12.D.73 Plan, implement, monitor, and evaluate projects.                                                                                                              
9.4.12.D.74 Assess strategies used in maintaining quality standards in order to ensure high quality.                                                                                                              
9.4.12.D.75 Examine and select risk management strategies and techniques in order to minimize potential business loss.                                                                                                              

ContentArea 21st-Century Life and Careers
Standard 9.4 Career and Technical EducationAll students who complete a career and technical education program will acquire academic and technical skills for careers in emerging and established professions that lead to technical skill proficiency, credentials, certificates, licenses, and/or degrees. (For descriptions of the 16 career clusters, see the Career Clusters Table.)
Strand D. Business, Management & Administration Career Cluster
Pathway (1) Administrative Services
By the end of grade Content Statement CPI# Cumulative Progress Indicator (CPI)
12
Communication Skills: All clusters rely on effective oral and written communication strategies for creating, expressing, and interpreting information and ideas that incorporate technical terminology and information.
9.4.12.D.(1).1 Obtain and convey ideas and information in order to conduct business transactions.                                                                                                                                                                                                                            
Systems:
  • Roles within teams, work units, departments, organizations, inter-organizational systems, and the larger environment impact business operations.

  • Key organizational systems impact organizational performance and the quality of products and services.

  • Understanding the global context of 21st-century industries and careers impacts business operations.
9.4.12.D.(1).2 Demonstrate knowledge of the principles of human resource development to enhance productivity and job satisfaction.                                                                                                                                                                                                                            
9.4.12.D.(1).3 Access, process, maintain, and evaluate information for projects based upon business decision-making.                                                                                                                                                                                                                            
9.4.12.D.(1).4 Demonstrate knowledge of the principles of conducting successful day-to-day business activities to sustain business functions and to prepare for unexpected events.                                                                                                                                                                                                                            

ContentArea 21st-Century Life and Careers
Standard 9.4 Career and Technical EducationAll students who complete a career and technical education program will acquire academic and technical skills for careers in emerging and established professions that lead to technical skill proficiency, credentials, certificates, licenses, and/or degrees. (For descriptions of the 16 career clusters, see the Career Clusters Table.)
Strand D. Business, Management & Administration Career Cluster
Pathway (2) Business Information Technology
By the end of grade Content Statement CPI# Cumulative Progress Indicator (CPI)
12
Ethics and Legal Responsibilities: Legal responsibilities, professional ethics, and codes of conduct affect management practices, business performance, and regulatory compliance, as well as the confidence of customers, business partners, and investors.
9.4.12.D.(2).1 Demonstrate knowledge of laws and regulations affecting business operations and transactions in order to ensure compliance with industry requirements.                                                                                                                                                                                                                            
Systems:
  • Roles within teams, work units, departments, organizations, inter-organizational systems, and the larger environment impact business operations.

  • Key organizational systems impact organizational performance and the quality of products and services.

  • Understanding the global context of 21st-century industries and careers impacts business operations.
9.4.12.D.(2).2 Demonstrate knowledge of the principles of effective use of financial resources.                                                                                                                                                                                                                            
9.4.12.D.(2).3 Access, process, maintain, and evaluate information for projects based upon business decision-making processes.                                                                                                                                                                                                                            
9.4.12.D.(2).4 Demonstrate knowledge of the principles of conducting successful day-to-day business activities in order to sustain business functions.                                                                                                                                                                                                                            
9.4.12.D.(2).5 Plan an organization or department with the goal of maximizing its contribution to business success.                                                                                                                                                                                                                            

ContentArea 21st-Century Life and Careers
Standard 9.4 Career and Technical EducationAll students who complete a career and technical education program will acquire academic and technical skills for careers in emerging and established professions that lead to technical skill proficiency, credentials, certificates, licenses, and/or degrees. (For descriptions of the 16 career clusters, see the Career Clusters Table.)
Strand D. Business, Management & Administration Career Cluster
Pathway (3) General Management
By the end of grade Content Statement CPI# Cumulative Progress Indicator (CPI)
12
Academic Foundations: Academic concepts lay the foundation for the full range of career and postsecondary education opportunities within the career cluster.
9.4.12.D.(3).1 Demonstrate knowledge of economic concepts fundamental to global business operations.                                                                                                                                                                                                                            
Communication Skills: All clusters rely on effective oral and written communication strategies for creating, expressing, and interpreting information and ideas that incorporate technical terminology and information.
9.4.12.D.(3).2 Obtain and convey ideas and information that impact projects based upon business decisions and organizational activities.                                                                                                                                                                                                                            
Systems:
  • Roles within teams, work units, departments, organizations, inter-organizational systems, and the larger environment impact business operations.

  • Key organizational systems impact organizational performance and the quality of products and services.

  • Understanding the global context of 21st-century industries and careers impacts business operations.
9.4.12.D.(3).3 Demonstrate knowledge of day-to-day business functions that ensure continued business operations.                                                                                                                                                                                                                            
9.4.12.D.(3).4 Plan an organization or department with the goal of optimizing overall business success.                                                                                                                                                                                                                            
9.4.12.D.(3).5 Develop strategic plans to manage business growth, profit, and goals.                                                                                                                                                                                                                            
9.4.12.D.(3).6 Demonstrate knowledge of financial resources that protect the fiscal well-being of businesses.                                                                                                                                                                                                                            
Leadership and Teamwork: Effective leadership and teamwork strategies foster collaboration and cooperation between business units, business partners, and business associates toward the accomplishment of organizational goals.
9.4.12.D.(3).7 Demonstrate knowledge of techniques, strategies, and systems used by management to foster self-understanding and enhance business relationships.                                                                                                                                                                                                                            
Ethics and Legal Responsibilities: Legal responsibilities, professional ethics, and codes of conduct affect management practices, business performance, and regulatory compliance, as well as the confidence of customers, business partners, and investors.
9.4.12.D.(3).8 Describe management’s responsibility to know and abide by laws and regulations that affect business operations and transactions.                                                                                                                                                                                                                            

ContentArea 21st-Century Life and Careers
Standard 9.4 Career and Technical EducationAll students who complete a career and technical education program will acquire academic and technical skills for careers in emerging and established professions that lead to technical skill proficiency, credentials, certificates, licenses, and/or degrees. (For descriptions of the 16 career clusters, see the Career Clusters Table.)
Strand D. Business, Management & Administration Career Cluster
Pathway (4) Business Financial Management & Accounting
By the end of grade Content Statement CPI# Cumulative Progress Indicator (CPI)
12
Information Technology Applications: Technology is used to access, manage, integrate, and disseminate information.
9.4.12.D.(4).1 Operate appropriate financial software to generate useable data.                                                                                                                                                                                                                            
9.4.12.D.(4).2 Operate electronic spreadsheet software to create formulas and reports.                                                                                                                                                                                                                            
Ethics and Legal Responsibilities: Legal responsibilities, professional ethics, and codes of conduct affect management practices, business performance, and regulatory compliance, as well as the confidence of customers, business partners, and investors.
9.4.12.D.(4).3 Observe policies and regulations when performing calculations for a given situation.                                                                                                                                                                                                                            
Technical Skills: Technical knowledge and skills play a role in all careers within the cluster and pathway.
9.4.12.D.(4).4 Re-check computations in written documents for accuracy and quality.                                                                                                                                                                                                                            
9.4.12.D.(4).5 Calculate and enter data for a given situation on appropriate forms or reports.                                                                                                                                                                                                                            
9.4.12.D.(4).6 Record and schedule appointments and calendars to manage functions.                                                                                                                                                                                                                            
9.4.12.D.(4).7 Organize priorities to assure deadlines will be met.                                                                                                                                                                                                                            
9.4.12.D.(4).8 Organize documents, forms, and manuals to maintain orderly flow of work.                                                                                                                                                                                                                            

ContentArea 21st-Century Life and Careers
Standard 9.4 Career and Technical EducationAll students who complete a career and technical education program will acquire academic and technical skills for careers in emerging and established professions that lead to technical skill proficiency, credentials, certificates, licenses, and/or degrees. (For descriptions of the 16 career clusters, see the Career Clusters Table.)
Strand D. Business, Management & Administration Career Cluster
Pathway (5) Human Resources
By the end of grade Content Statement CPI# Cumulative Progress Indicator (CPI)
12
Communication Skills: All clusters rely on effective oral and written communication strategies for creating, expressing, and interpreting information and ideas that incorporate technical terminology and information.
9.4.12.D.(5).1 Obtain and convey ideas and information that aid projects based upon business decision-making.                                                                                                                                                                                                                            
Information Technology Applications: Technology is used to access, manage, integrate, and disseminate information.
9.4.12.D.(5).2 Access, process, maintain, evaluate, and disseminate information based upon business functioning to support projects.                                                                                                                                                                                                                            
Systems:
  • Roles within teams, work units, departments, organizations, inter-organizational systems, and the larger environment impact business operations.

  • Key organizational systems impact organizational performance and the quality of products and services.

  • Understanding the global context of 21st-century industries and careers impacts business operations.
9.4.12.D.(5).3 Demonstrate knowledge of ways to use financial resources to ensure the financial well-being of businesses.                                                                                                                                                                                                                            
9.4.12.D.(5).4 Demonstrate knowledge of human resource management principles to enhance productivity and job satisfaction.                                                                                                                                                                                                                            
9.4.12.D.(5).5 Plan a human resource department with the goal of maximizing the department’s contribution to business success.                                                                                                                                                                                                                            
Safety, Health, and Environment: Implementation of health, safety, and environmental management systems and organizational policies and procedures impacts organizational performance, regulatory compliance, and continuous improvement.
9.4.12.D.(5).6 Evaluate and plan day-to-day business activities to foster a healthy and safe work environment.                                                                                                                                                                                                                            
Leadership and Teamwork: Effective leadership and teamwork strategies foster collaboration and cooperation between business units, business partners, and business associates toward the accomplishment of organizational goals.
9.4.12.D.(5).7 Demonstrate knowledge of strategies for motivating and supervising others to achieve completion of projects and goals.                                                                                                                                                                                                                            
Ethics and Legal Responsibilities: Legal responsibilities, professional ethics, and codes of conduct affect management practices, business performance, and regulatory compliance, as well as the confidence of customers, business partners, and investors.
9.4.12.D.(5).8 Explain laws and regulations affecting business operations and transactions in order to ensure compliance with industry requirements.                                                                                                                                                                                                                            
Technical Skills: Technical knowledge and skills play a role in all careers within the cluster and pathway.
9.4.12.D.(5).9 Employ and manage the tools, techniques, and systems involved in creating, communicating, and delivering value to the public.                                                                                                                                                                                                                            

ContentArea 21st-Century Life and Careers
Standard 9.4 Career and Technical EducationAll students who complete a career and technical education program will acquire academic and technical skills for careers in emerging and established professions that lead to technical skill proficiency, credentials, certificates, licenses, and/or degrees. (For descriptions of the 16 career clusters, see the Career Clusters Table.)
Strand D. Business, Management & Administration Career Cluster
Pathway (6) Operations Management
By the end of grade Content Statement CPI# Cumulative Progress Indicator (CPI)
12
Systems:
  • Roles within teams, work units, departments, organizations, inter-organizational systems, and the larger environment impact business operations.

  • Key organizational systems impact organizational performance and the quality of products and services.

  • Understanding the global context of 21st-century industries and careers impacts business operations.
9.4.12.D.(6).1 Demonstrate knowledge of positive, ongoing customer relationship practices.                                                                                                                                                                                                                            
9.4.12.D.(6).2 Plan the use of financial resources.                                                                                                                                                                                                                            
9.4.12.D.(6).3 Plan and monitor day-to-day activities based upon maintaining and improving operational business functions.                                                                                                                                                                                                                            
Ethics and Legal Responsibilities: Legal responsibilities, professional ethics, and codes of conduct affect management practices, business performance, and regulatory compliance, as well as the confidence of customers, business partners, and investors.
9.4.12.D.(6).4 Demonstrate knowledge of laws and regulations affecting business operations and transactions to ensure compliance with industry requirements.                                                                                                                                                                                                                            
Technical Skills: Technical knowledge and skills play a role in all careers within the cluster and pathway.
9.4.12.D.(6).5 Demonstrate knowledge of inventory tracking technology to facilitate operational controls.