Core Curriculum Content Standards

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NJ World Class Standards
Content Area: 21st-Century Life and Careers
9.4 Career and Technical Education
Content Area 21st-Century Life and Careers
Standard 9.4 Career and Technical Education All students who complete a career and technical education program will acquire academic and technical skills for careers in emerging and established professions that lead to technical skill proficiency, credentials, certificates, licenses, and/or degrees. (For descriptions of the 16 career clusters, see the Career Clusters Table.)
Strand E. Education & Training Career Cluster
By the end of grade Content Statement CPI# Cumulative Progress Indicator (CPI)
12
Academic Foundations: Academic concepts lay the foundation for the full range of career and postsecondary education opportunities within the career cluster.
9.4.12.E.1 Demonstrate language arts knowledge and skills required to pursue the full range of postsecondary education and career opportunities.                                                                                                              
9.4.12.E.2 Demonstrate mathematics knowledge and skills required to pursue the full range of postsecondary education and career opportunities.                                                                                                              
9.4.12.E.3 Demonstrate science knowledge and skills required to pursue the full range of postsecondary education and career opportunities.                                                                                                              
9.4.12.E.4 Demonstrate knowledge of the fundamental principles of psychology to enhance learner achievement.                                                                                                              
9.4.12.E.5 Demonstrate knowledge of the fundamental principles of sociology to enhance learner achievement.                                                                                                              
9.4.12.E.6 Demonstrate knowledge about the history and belief systems of multiple cultural, ethnic, and racial groups to enhance learner achievement.                                                                                                              
9.4.12.E.7 Analyze knowledge of the relationships between education and society to enhance learner achievement.                                                                                                              
9.4.12.E.8 Demonstrate knowledge of a variety of instructional models to enhance learner achievement.                                                                                                              
9.4.12.E.9 Demonstrate knowledge of a range of assessment methods to enhance learner achievement.                                                                                                              
9.4.12.E.10 Demonstrate knowledge of economic principles to enhance understanding of professional practices.                                                                                                              
Communication Skills: All clusters rely on effective oral and written communication strategies for creating, expressing, and interpreting information and ideas that incorporate technical terminology and information.
9.4.12.E.11 Select and employ appropriate reading and communication strategies to learn and use technical concepts and vocabulary in practice.                                                                                                              
9.4.12.E.12 Demonstrate use of the concepts, strategies, and systems for obtaining and conveying ideas and information to enhance communication.                                                                                                              
9.4.12.E.13 Locate, organize, and reference written information from various sources to communicate with others.                                                                                                              
9.4.12.E.14 Evaluate and use information resources to accomplish specific occupational tasks.                                                                                                              
9.4.12.E.15 Use correct grammar, punctuation, and terminology to write and edit documents.                                                                                                              
9.4.12.E.16 Develop and deliver formal and informal presentations using appropriate media to engage and inform audiences.                                                                                                              
9.4.12.E.17 Interpret verbal and nonverbal cues/behaviors to enhance communication.                                                                                                              
9.4.12.E.18 Apply active listening skills to obtain and clarify information.                                                                                                              
9.4.12.E.19 Develop and interpret tables, charts, and figures to support written and oral communications.                                                                                                              
9.4.12.E.20 Listen to and speak with diverse individuals to enhance communication skills.                                                                                                              
9.4.12.E.21 Exhibit public relations skills in order to increase internal and external customer satisfaction.                                                                                                              
9.4.12.E.22 Identify verbal communication skills that enhance learning and that strengthen stakeholder commitment to the learning organization.                                                                                                              
9.4.12.E.23 Identify communication skills for interactive situations that enhance learning and that strengthen stakeholder commitment to the learning organization.                                                                                                              
9.4.12.E.24 Identify writing skills that enhance learning and that strengthen stakeholder commitment to the learning organization.                                                                                                              
9.4.12.E.25 Identify reading strategies within content areas that enhance learner achievement.                                                                                                              
Problem-Solving and Critical Thinking: Critical and creative thinking strategies facilitate innovation and problem-solving independently and in teams.
9.4.12.E.26 Employ critical thinking skills (e.g., analyze, synthesize, and evaluate) independently and in teams to solve problems and make decisions.                                                                                                              
9.4.12.E.27 Employ critical thinking and interpersonal skills to resolve conflicts.                                                                                                              
9.4.12.E.28 Identify, write, and monitor performance goals to guide progress in assigned areas of responsibility and accountability.                                                                                                              
9.4.12.E.29 Conduct technical research to gather information necessary for decision-making.                                                                                                              
9.4.12.E.30 Model behavior that promotes learner achievement by applying problem-solving and critical thinking skills.                                                                                                              
9.4.12.E.31 Evaluate educational perspectives, policies, and procedures using critical thinking to intelligently develop solutions to educational issues.                                                                                                              
Information Technology Applications: Technology is used to access, manage, integrate, and disseminate information.
9.4.12.E.32 Employ technological tools to expedite workflow.                                                                                                              
9.4.12.E.33 Operate electronic mail applications to communicate.                                                                                                              
9.4.12.E.34 Operate Internet applications to perform tasks.                                                                                                              
9.4.12.E.35 Operate writing and publishing applications to prepare communications.                                                                                                              
9.4.12.E.36 Operate presentation applications to prepare and deliver presentations.                                                                                                              
9.4.12.E.37 Employ spreadsheet applications to organize and manipulate data.                                                                                                              
9.4.12.E.38 Employ database applications to manage data.                                                                                                              
9.4.12.E.39 Employ collaborative/groupware applications to facilitate group work.                                                                                                              
9.4.12.E.40 Employ computer operations applications to manage tasks.                                                                                                              
9.4.12.E.41 Use computer-based equipment (containing embedded computers or processors) to control devices.                                                                                                              
Systems:
  • Roles within teams, work units, departments, organizations, inter-organizational systems, and the larger environment impact business operations.

  • Key organizational systems impact organizational performance and the quality of products and services.

  • Understanding the global context of 21st-century industries and careers impacts business operations.
9.4.12.E.42 Describe the nature and types of business organizations to build an understanding of the scope of organizations.                                                                                                              
9.4.12.E.43 Describe and use quality control systems and practices to ensure quality products and services.                                                                                                              
9.4.12.E.44 Explain system theory and its relationship to the learning system.                                                                                                              
9.4.12.E.45 Assess instructional systems that facilitate learning within educational and training settings.                                                                                                              
Safety, Health, and Environment: Implementation of health, safety, and environmental management systems and organizational policies and procedures impacts organizational performance, regulatory compliance, and continuous improvement.
9.4.12.E.46 Demonstrate knowledge of personal and jobsite safety rules and regulations to maintain safe and healthful working conditions and environments.                                                                                                              
9.4.12.E.47 Demonstrate knowledge of employee rights and responsibilities and employers’ obligations to maintain workplace safety and health.                                                                                                              
9.4.12.E.48 Identify emergency procedures that are necessary to provide aid in workplace accidents.                                                                                                              
9.4.12.E.49 Identify response techniques to create a disaster and/or emergency response plan.                                                                                                              
9.4.12.E.50 Explain health, safety, and environmental management systems in organizations and their importance to organizational performance and regulatory compliance.                                                                                                              
9.4.12.E.51 Evaluate risks to safety, health, and the environment in learning settings.                                                                                                              
Leadership and Teamwork: Effective leadership and teamwork strategies foster collaboration and cooperation between business units, business partners, and business associates toward the accomplishment of organizational goals.
9.4.12.E.52 Employ leadership skills to accomplish goals and objectives.                                                                                                              
9.4.12.E.53 Employ organizational skills to foster positive working relationships and accomplish organizational goals.                                                                                                              
9.4.12.E.54 Employ teamwork skills to achieve collective goals and use team members’ talents effectively.                                                                                                              
9.4.12.E.55 Establish and maintain effective relationships in order to accomplish objectives and tasks.                                                                                                              
9.4.12.E.56 Conduct and participate in meetings to accomplish tasks.                                                                                                              
9.4.12.E.57 Employ mentoring skills to assist others.                                                                                                              
9.4.12.E.58 Facilitate professional practice by employing project and strategic planning skills for projects.                                                                                                              
9.4.12.E.59 Facilitate professional practice by employing knowledge of group processes and skills for working collaboratively.                                                                                                              
Ethics and Legal Responsibilities: Legal responsibilities, professional ethics, and codes of conduct affect management practices, business performance, and regulatory compliance, as well as the confidence of customers, business partners, and investors.
9.4.12.E.60 Apply ethical reasoning to a variety of situations in order to make ethical decisions.                                                                                                              
9.4.12.E.61 Interpret and explain written organizational policies and procedures that help workers perform their tasks according to employer rules and expectations.                                                                                                              
9.4.12.E.62 Analyze and explain ethical and legal boundaries of professional practice in learning settings to enhance professionalism in education and training.                                                                                                              
9.4.12.E.63 Analyze and explain legal rights that apply to stakeholders and practitioners within learning settings to enhance professionalism in education and training.                                                                                                              
9.4.12.E.64 Demonstrate knowledge of ethical and legal behavior to enhance professionalism in education and training.                                                                                                              
Employability and Career Development: Employability skills and career and entrepreneurship opportunities build the capacity for successful careers in a global economy.
9.4.12.E.65 Identify and demonstrate positive work behaviors and personal qualities needed to succeed.                                                                                                              
9.4.12.E.66 Develop a Personalized Student Learning Plan to meet career goals and objectives.                                                                                                              
9.4.12.E.67 Demonstrate skills related to seeking and applying for employment in a desired job.                                                                                                              
9.4.12.E.68 Maintain a career portfolio to document knowledge, skills, and experience in a career field.                                                                                                              
9.4.12.E.69 Demonstrate skills in evaluating and comparing employment opportunities in order to accept employment positions that match career goals.                                                                                                              
9.4.12.E.70 Identify and exhibit traits for retaining employment.                                                                                                              
9.4.12.E.71 Identify and explore careers in one or more career pathways to build an understanding of the opportunities available in the cluster.                                                                                                              
9.4.12.E.72 Examine requirements for career advancement to plan for continuing education and training.                                                                                                              
9.4.12.E.73 Research professional development opportunities needed to keep current on relevant trends and information within the cluster.                                                                                                              
9.4.12.E.74 Examine licensing, certification, and credentialing requirements at the national, state, and local levels to maintain compliance with industry requirements.                                                                                                              
9.4.12.E.75 Explore, describe, and determine career options using research skills in order to plan for a career in education and training.                                                                                                              
9.4.12.E.76 Research state-specific licensing, certification, and credentialing requirements to practice in educational and training settings.                                                                                                              
Technical Skills: Technical knowledge and skills play a role in all careers within the cluster and pathway.
9.4.12.E.77 Employ information management techniques and strategies to assist in decision-making.                                                                                                              
9.4.12.E.78 Employ planning and time management skills and tools to enhance results and complete work tasks.                                                                                                              
9.4.12.E.79 Assess and select instructional strategies that enhance learner achievement.                                                                                                              
9.4.12.E.80 Employ organizational and logic skills to facilitate professional practice.                                                                                                              
9.4.12.E.81 Conduct, interpret, and share research findings to enhance professional practice.                                                                                                              
9.4.12.E.82 Employ group management skills to enhance professional practice.                                                                                                              
9.4.12.E.83 Research formative and summative assessment skills needed to enhance professional practice.                                                                                                              

ContentArea 21st-Century Life and Careers
Standard 9.4 Career and Technical EducationAll students who complete a career and technical education program will acquire academic and technical skills for careers in emerging and established professions that lead to technical skill proficiency, credentials, certificates, licenses, and/or degrees. (For descriptions of the 16 career clusters, see the Career Clusters Table.)
Strand E. Education & Training Career Cluster
Pathway (1) Professional Support Services
By the end of grade Content Statement CPI# Cumulative Progress Indicator (CPI)
12
Problem-Solving and Critical Thinking: Critical and creative thinking strategies facilitate innovation and problem-solving independently and in teams.
9.4.12.E.(1).1 Research the success of various resources and support services available in learning organizations and apply this understanding to enhance the learning environment.                                                                                                                                                                                                                            
Technical Skills: Technical knowledge and skills play a role in all careers within the cluster and pathway.
9.4.12.E.(1).2 Evaluate strategies, techniques, and tools used to determine the needs of diverse learners.                                                                                                                                                                                                                            
9.4.12.E.(1).3 Identify and describe ways that the needs of learners can be used to enhance learner achievement.                                                                                                                                                                                                                            
9.4.12.E.(1).4 Evaluate strategies, techniques, and tools to raise awareness of the needs of diverse learners.                                                                                                                                                                                                                            
9.4.12.E.(1).5 Promote learning progress by using planning methods based on learner needs.                                                                                                                                                                                                                            
9.4.12.E.(1).6 Identify resources and support services in learning organizations to meet learner needs.                                                                                                                                                                                                                            

ContentArea 21st-Century Life and Careers
Standard 9.4 Career and Technical EducationAll students who complete a career and technical education program will acquire academic and technical skills for careers in emerging and established professions that lead to technical skill proficiency, credentials, certificates, licenses, and/or degrees. (For descriptions of the 16 career clusters, see the Career Clusters Table.)
Strand E. Education & Training Career Cluster
Pathway (2) Teaching & Training
By the end of grade Content Statement CPI# Cumulative Progress Indicator (CPI)
12
Academic Foundations: Academic concepts lay the foundation for the full range of career and postsecondary education opportunities within the career cluster.
9.4.12.E.(2).1 Use fundamental knowledge of subject matter to plan/prepare effective instruction.                                                                                                                                                                                                                            
9.4.12.E.(2).2 Apply knowledge of learning and developmental theory to describe individual learners.                                                                                                                                                                                                                            
Leadership and Teamwork: Effective leadership and teamwork strategies foster collaboration and cooperation between business units, business partners, and business associates toward the accomplishment of organizational goals.
9.4.12.E.(2).3 Demonstrate how knowledge of learning theory can be used to establish a positive climate that promotes learning.                                                                                                                                                                                                                            
9.4.12.E.(2).4 Demonstrate how knowledge of learning theory and motivational, social, and psychological theories can be used to guide learners’ personal conduct.                                                                                                                                                                                                                            
9.4.12.E.(2).5 Demonstrate how knowledge of learning theory and organizational and relationship-building skills can be used to manage instructional activities and related procedures.                                                                                                                                                                                                                            
9.4.12.E.(2).6 Demonstrate knowledge of learning theory when planning the physical elements of an educational or training setting to optimize learning.                                                                                                                                                                                                                            
9.4.12.E.(2).7 Identify research used to improve professional knowledge and skills used in learning environments.                                                                                                                                                                                                                            
9.4.12.E.(2).8 Develop learning organizational vision by employing community-building skills and strategies.                                                                                                                                                                                                                            
9.4.12.E.(2).9 Demonstrate knowledge of strategies needed to maintain relationships with stakeholders to increase stakeholder support for learning organizations.                                                                                                                                                                                                                            
Technical Skills: Technical knowledge and skills play a role in all careers within the cluster and pathway.
9.4.12.E.(2).10 Use content knowledge and instructional skills to construct standards-based educational goals.                                                                                                                                                                                                                            
9.4.12.E.(2).11 Examine and select teaching/learning theories and instructional skills to plan appropriate educational strategies.                                                                                                                                                                                                                            
9.4.12.E.(2).12 Use knowledge of content, teaching/learning, and assessment to plan appropriate assessment/evaluation strategies.                                                                                                                                                                                                                            
9.4.12.E.(2).13 Identify and locate materials/resources needed to support instructional plans.                                                                                                                                                                                                                            
9.4.12.E.(2).14 Design courses/programs to meet the needs of learners and organizations.                                                                                                                                                                                                                            
9.4.12.E.(2).15 Assess and select appropriate instructional strategies to advance learning in a learning setting.                                                                                                                                                                                                                            
9.4.12.E.(2).16 Evaluate classroom-based learner responses to plan appropriate in-process adaptations to instructional plans and advance learner achievement.                                                                                                                                                                                                                            
9.4.12.E.(2).17 Evaluate formal assessment/evaluation tools and associated data to adjust learning plans and advance learner achievement.                                                                                                                                                                                                                            
9.4.12.E.(2).18 Evaluate examples of teaching and training performance to determine effectiveness of instructional practices.                                                                                                                                                                                                                            
9.4.12.E.(2).19 Demonstrate knowledge of recordkeeping methods used to monitor and guide learner progress.