Core Curriculum Content Standards

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NJ World Class Standards
Content Area: 21st-Century Life and Careers
9.4 Career and Technical Education
ContentArea 21st-Century Life and Careers
Standard 9.4 Career and Technical EducationAll students who complete a career and technical education program will acquire academic and technical skills for careers in emerging and established professions that lead to technical skill proficiency, credentials, certificates, licenses, and/or degrees. (For descriptions of the 16 career clusters, see the Career Clusters Table.)
Strand L. Law, Public Safety, Corrections, & Security Career Cluster
Pathway (4) Law Enforcement Services
By the end of grade Content Statement CPI# Cumulative Progress Indicator (CPI)
Academic Foundations: Academic concepts lay the foundation for the full range of career and postsecondary education opportunities within the career cluster.
9.4.12.L.(4).1 Demonstrate knowledge of the U.S. legal system and legal responsibilities related to law enforcement services.                                                                                                                                                                                                                            
Communication Skills: All clusters rely on effective oral and written communication strategies for creating, expressing, and interpreting information and ideas that incorporate technical terminology and information.
9.4.12.L.(4).2 Demonstrate knowledge of verbal and nonverbal communication strategies encountered in the pathway, including body language, gestures, verbal content, tone, and inflection, in order to interpret suspect behavior and implement effective communication techniques.                                                                                                                                                                                                                            
9.4.12.L.(4).3 Demonstrate writing skills that facilitate accurate and clear note-taking and report writing in order to effectively complete police incident reports.                                                                                                                                                                                                                            
9.4.12.L.(4).4 Demonstrate the ability to properly operate communications equipment used in law enforcement dispatch centers, and obtain 9-1-1 Dispatch Certification.                                                                                                                                                                                                                            
9.4.12.L.(4).5 Demonstrate knowledge of how to evaluate verbally and physically hostile situations in order to implement anger/conflict management strategies and resolve problems that arise in law enforcement settings.                                                                                                                                                                                                                            
9.4.12.L.(4).6 Demonstrate empathy for individuals from special populations, with a focus on hate crime and sex crime victims, in order to foster public cooperation and enhance the effectiveness of law-enforcement.                                                                                                                                                                                                                            
Information Technology Applications: Technology is used to access, manage, integrate, and disseminate information.
9.4.12.L.(4).7 Demonstrate understanding of the role computer forensics plays in identifying patterns and solving crimes in order to convey understanding of how computers influence the resolution of crimes.                                                                                                                                                                                                                            
  • Roles within teams, work units, departments, organizations, inter-organizational systems, and the larger environment impact business operations.

  • Key organizational systems impact organizational performance and the quality of products and services.

  • Understanding the global context of 21st-century industries and careers impacts business operations.
9.4.12.L.(4).8 Evaluate and select agency-approved community policing strategies to foster community involvement and cooperation in law enforcement.                                                                                                                                                                                                                            
9.4.12.L.(4).9 Plan and develop a program, in collaboration with the community, to enhance understanding of crime prevention and loss-prevention activities.                                                                                                                                                                                                                            
Ethics and Legal Responsibilities: Legal responsibilities, professional ethics, and codes of conduct affect management practices, business performance, and regulatory compliance, as well as the confidence of customers, business partners, and investors.
9.4.12.L.(4).10 Demonstrate behaviors that model integrity and a commitment to ethical behavior, including casual contexts, such as when offered free coffee, in order to convey character traits required for employment in the pathway.                                                                                                                                                                                                                            
9.4.12.L.(4).11 Examine and summarize Fourth Amendment concerns in the areas of search and seizure and probable cause.                                                                                                                                                                                                                            
9.4.12.L.(4).12 Examine and summarize the rights of an individual being interrogated under the Fifth and Sixth Amendments in order to ensure trial, jury, and due process rights for individuals in the law enforcement environments.                                                                                                                                                                                                                            
9.4.12.L.(4).13 Examine and summarize the impact of the Fourteenth Amendment as it relates to due process and equal protection, with a focus on both current events and historical accounts in order to ensure that law enforcement professionals respect the constitutional rights of individuals they encounter.                                                                                                                                                                                                                            
9.4.12.L.(4).14 Examine and summarize limits on and types of interrogation procedures, with a focus on Miranda rights and the Fifth Amendment, in order to protect the rights of both U.S. and non-U.S. citizens in the course of providing law enforcement services.                                                                                                                                                                                                                            
9.4.12.L.(4).15 Examine and summarize state and local ordinances and law enforcement procedures regarding driving under the influence and public intoxication.                                                                                                                                                                                                                            
9.4.12.L.(4).16 Examine and summarize procedures and protocols involved in basic civil law enforcement procedures in order to serve writs, warrants, and summonses.                                                                                                                                                                                                                            
9.4.12.L.(4).17 Describe how to ensure compliance with established procedures to avoid the violation of constitutional rights.                                                                                                                                                                                                                            
9.4.12.L.(4).18 Describe how to ensure compliance with established procedures to avoid the violation of constitutional protections regarding search and seizure, with a focus on the Terry stop (stop and frisk) and attaining warrants.                                                                                                                                                                                                                            
9.4.12.L.(4).19 Examine and summarize state and local laws and law enforcement procedures related to driving under the influence violations, with a focus on field sobriety tests, in order to enhance enforcement.                                                                                                                                                                                                                            
9.4.12.L.(4).20 Describe how to present testimony in legal proceedings in accordance with courtroom procedures, and demonstrate this skill by participating in mock trials.                                                                                                                                                                                                                            
Technical Skills: Technical knowledge and skills play a role in all careers within the cluster and pathway.
9.4.12.L.(4).21 Analyze and assess appropriate techniques for managing crisis situations in order to maintain public safety.                                                                                                                                                                                                                            
9.4.12.L.(4).22 Examine and summarize crowd management strategies and skills used by law enforcement professionals in order to maintain control over large gatherings.                                                                                                                                                                                                                            
9.4.12.L.(4).23 Examine and summarize procedures and protocols used to address and resolve domestic violence issues.                                                                                                                                                                                                                            
9.4.12.L.(4).24 Describe established procedures and laws affecting motor vehicle traffic stops in order to enhance compliance and enforcement.                                                                                                                                                                                                                            
9.4.12.L.(4).25 Examine and summarize procedures for properly processing crime scenes for fingerprint evidence.                                                                                                                                                                                                                            
9.4.12.L.(4).26 Examine and summarize strategies to properly protect, document and process crime scenes and all related evidence.                                                                                                                                                                                                                            
9.4.12.L.(4).27 Describe how to conduct interviews and interrogations using appropriate law enforcement procedures in order to ensure the protection of individual rights and effective information gathering.                                                                                                                                                                                                                            
9.4.12.L.(4).28 Examine and summarize techniques and protocols for effectively and safely responding to crimes in progress, including radio techniques, in order to ensure individual and public safety.                                                                                                                                                                                                                            
9.4.12.L.(4).29 Assess and select appropriate responses and procedures for assisting individuals who require special assistance from law enforcement personnel, such as individuals with mental disorders, physical disabilities, communication disorders, and other special needs.                                                                                                                                                                                                                            
9.4.12.L.(4).30 Examine and summarize protocols and procedures intended to protect the rights of juvenile victims and offenders.                                                                                                                                                                                                                            
9.4.12.L.(4).31 Describe how to investigate and document a motor vehicle accident in compliance with prescribed procedures.                                                                                                                                                                                                                            
9.4.12.L.(4).32 Describe how to evaluate situations that require the use of force, how to analyze and select the appropriate level of force, and how to determine when to use personal protective equipment.                                                                                                                                                                                                                            
9.4.12.L.(4).33 Describe the signs and symptoms of possible child abuse and neglect.                                                                                                                                                                                                                            
9.4.12.L.(4).34 Describe the safe handling and the inherent dangers associated with the handling of dangerous drugs and the behavioral symptoms of drug use.                                                                                                                                                                                                                            
9.4.12.L.(4).35 Demonstrate proper handcuffing techniques.                                                                                                                                                                                                                            
9.4.12.L.(4).36 Examine and summarize the skills used in operating RADAR speed-measuring equipment in order to enforce existing traffic laws.                                                                                                                                                                                                                            
9.4.12.L.(4).37 Examine and summarize the range of law enforcement issues involved in Preparedness and Response Systems to demonstrate understanding of systems involved in preparing for and managing large-scale disasters.                                                                                                                                                                                                                            
9.4.12.L.(4).38 Examine and summarize the key law enforcement functions and techniques related to critical infrastructure protection in order to protect potential targets from terrorism and/or natural disasters.                                                                                                                                                                                                                            
9.4.12.L.(4).39 Assess intelligence analysis techniques and procedures used to deter crime and identify homeland security initiatives to demonstrate an understanding of the influence intelligence may have on law enforcement.                                                                                                                                                                                                                            
9.4.12.L.(4).40 Examine and summarize the rights of victims and witnesses as well as procedures for protecting them.                                                                                                                                                                                                                            
9.4.12.L.(4).41 Describe how to conduct building searches.                                                                                                                                                                                                                            
9.4.12.L.(4).42 Describe the paper collection of evidence to prevent corruption of crime scenes.