NEW JERSEY DEPARTMENT OF EDUCATION
Office of Student Achievement and Accountability Title I
Parent Involvement in
New Jersey
Title I Schools

What is Title I?
Title I is a federal program under the Elementary and Secondary Education Act (ESEA) as reauthorized by the No Child Left Behind Act of 2001 (NCLB). Title I covers the fiscal and program requirements for improving the academic achievement of students who attend schools eligible for Title I. The purpose of Title I is to ensure that all children have a fair, equal, and significant opportunity to obtain a high-quality education and reach, at a minimum, proficiency on challenging State academic achievement standards and state academic assessments.

How do schools receive Title I funds?
The New Jersey Department of Education performs calculations based on census and poverty data in the district and in each school.  Based on federal guidelines the district must identify all eligible schools using the most current enrollment and poverty data.  You can review your district’s Title I Grant application in its entirety by following directions available at: http://www.nj.gov/education/title1/program/ss/eweg.shtml.

What are the parental involvement requirements for a Title I district and school?
Each district that receives Title I, Part A funds must develop a written parental involvement policy that establishes the district’s expectations for parental involvement. The district policy must be developed jointly with, and agreed upon with, the parents of children participating in Title I, Part A programs and distributed to parents of all children participating in Title I, Part A programs. [Section 1118(a)(2), ESEA.] School-Parent-Student compacts must also be developed in partnership with parents that outline the responsibilities for all three parties in the educational process.  Communication efforts must be ongoing and sustained and encourage parental involvement in many facets of the planning, development, and implementation stages.

A List of the Required Title I Parent Notification and Documentation Includes:
 Written parent involvement policies, developed in collaboration with parents of participating Title I students.

  • The school and parents of participating students jointly develop a school-parent-student compact, which defines the shared responsibility for improving student academic achievement.
  • Parents are notified at the beginning of the school year of their right to know the qualifications of their child's teachers and paraprofessionals.
  • Parents of limited English proficient children placed in a language instruction educational program must be  notified, no later than 30 days after the start of the school year, of the reason for their child’s placement and the child's level of proficiency. 
  • Parents of students enrolled in a Title I Targeted Assistance school must be notified that their child has been identified as eligible to receive Title I services based on a specific entrance criteria.
  • Parents must be  notified promptly if their child's school has been designated as a “school in need of improvement.”
  • Parents must be notified of their right to request intradistrict public school choice (option to move to a higher performing school in the district school, if available). 
  • Parents of income eligible students who attend a Title I school identified as in need of improvement must be notified of the availability of supplemental educational services (SES), including the list of SES providers and/or the link to the list of SES providers on the NJDOE web site.

Sample templates for the above required documents are in the NJDOE NCLB Reference Manual at http://www.nj.gov/education/grants/entitlement/nclb/nclbrefman11.pdf.

What is AYP?
AYP stands for Adequate Yearly Progress.  Schools are required to make adequate yearly progress (AYP) on state academic assessments.  For a complete understanding of Accountability in New Jersey for 2010 please visit the NJDOE website at: http://www.nj.gov/education/title1/accountability/ayp/1011/understanding.pdf   

The following table outlines the interventions for Title I Schools as they move along the continuum after each consecutive year that they do not make adequate yearly progress.

Year

Status

Interventions for Title I Schools

Year 1

Early Warning – Did not make AYP for one year

None

Year 2

First year of school in need of improvement status. Did not make AYP for two consecutive years in the same content area.

Parent notification, public school choice (or supplemental educational services if choice is not available), school improvement plan, technical assistance from district.

Year 3

Second year of school in need of improvement status. Did not make AYP for three consecutive years in the same content area.

Parent notification, public school choice, supplemental educational services, school improvement plan, technical assistance from district, participation in CAPA

Year 4

Third year of school in need of improvement status – corrective action. Did not make AYP for four consecutive years in the same content area.

Parent notification, public school choice, supplemental educational services, school improvement plan, technical assistance from district and state, corrective action, participation in CAPA.

Year 5

Fourth year of school in need of improvement status – school restructuring plan. Did not make AYP for five consecutive years in the same content area.

Parent notification, public school choice, supplemental educational services, school improvement plan, technical assistance from district and state, development of restructuring plan (governance), CAPA Benchmark meetings

Year 6

Fifth year of school in need of improvement status – implementation of restructuring plan. Did not make AYP for six consecutive years in the same content area.

Parent notification, public school choice, supplemental educational services, school improvement plan, technical assistance from district and state, implementation of restructuring plan, CAPA visit

Year 7 and up

Sixth year of school in need of improvement status – implementation of restructuring plan. Did not make AYP for seven or more consecutive years in the same content area.

Parent notification, public school choice, supplemental educational services, school improvement plan, technical assistance from district and state, implementation of restructuring plan, CAPA Benchmark meetings

For more information regarding parental involvement requirements visit the NJDOE website at: http://www.nj.gov/education/title1/program/parent/.
Also additional information regarding Title I programs and the required interventions listed in the table above must be posted on the district website.

Our school receives Title I funds …… so now what?

  • Familiarize yourself with the federal non-regulatory guidance which can be found at: http://www2.ed.gov/programs/titleiparta/parentinvguid.pdf.
  • Use the Title I Parent Involvement Self-Evaluation Tool to learn about the practices that districts and school must follow to engage parents in the education of their child and remain compliant with the law.  The tool can be found at: http://www.njpirc.org/documents/parent_involvement_self_evaluation_toolkit.pdf
  • NJDOE provides public information regarding Title I funding and other data through an internet-based system called the “EWEG” System (Electronic Web-Enabled Grant System).  The public can gain access to district and school information by following directions at: http://www.nj.gov/education/title1/program/ss/eweg.shtml.
  • Review the school’s Title I Parent Involvement Policy and support the district’s efforts to engage all parents.
  • Ask the school’s Principal if the Title I program is “schoolwide” (serving every child in the school regardless of academic need) or “targeted” (serving only academically needy students).  If you want services for your own child ask the Principal how you can learn more about student eligibility.

How can our PTA support our school’s Title I Program?

  • Contact the District’s Federal Grants Coordinator in the Central Office:
    • Explain that as a Title I district/school you understand that parents must play a role on committees and the development of various documents, policies and the District’s Title I Plan.  Offer assistance and representation.
    • Ask for a presentation to your Executive Board so that you can be informed of the Title I goals to support student achievement.
    • Request a presentation for all parents at the next PTA meeting.
  • Participate in the development, update, distribution and implementation of the school’s required parent involvement policy and school-parent compact. Post the documents on the PTA webpage, distribute the policy at meetings, and reprint the policy in the PTA newsletter. Sample documents can be found at: http://www.nj.gov/education/grants/entitlement/nclb/nclbrefman11.pdf.
  • Attend, and encourage all other Title I parents to attend the school’s annual Title I parent meeting.  This meeting is where the school is required to inform parents of their child’s participation and requirements under the Title I law.  The school is also required to inform parents of their rights and the various opportunities for involvement.  Summarize the parent involvement opportunities and post them on the PTA webpage and reprint them in the PTA newsletter.
  • The district must send several required letters to parents; offer to help write/develop, convert to “family-friendly language”, or translate the required letters into other languages.  Send information in PTA newsletters, on web sites and at meetings.
  • Focus PTA goals and activities on the academic achievement of all students in the school.
  • Help the district/school educate parents about the curriculum, state/local academic assessments, and how to monitor and support their child’s progress.
  • If the Title I school is in Year 2 or more of improvement status, partner with the school to assist in the implementation of the two main parent flexibility options: school choice and Supplemental Educational Services (SES).  Participate in the planning, development and dissemination of other parent involvement efforts.

How can our PTA learn about all of the Parent Involvement provisions in the Title I portion of the Law?Law Clip Art

Resources to support Parents of English Language Learners (ELL)

Giving Parents Choices
In addition to encouraging parent involvement and establishing partnerships with the community, the Elementary and Secondary Education Act also provides parents with options for their children attending schools identified for improvement.  Students can attend higher performing  schools within their district (Intradistrict School Choice) if the district has choice options available at the child’s specific grade span.   For more information on Intradistrict School Choice please visit http://www2.ed.gov/policy/elsec/guid/schoolchoiceguid.doc  

New Jersey parents can also take advantage of the State’s Interdistrict School Choice Option.  For more information on Interdistrict School Choice visit the NJDOE website at http://www.nj.gov/education/choice/

Additional Resources:

Resources Clip Art

Where can parents go for additional assistance?
Parents can visit our Parent Circle at http://www.nj.gov/education/parents/ which has helpful links and direct links to subscribe to the Governor’s Education list serve and to be able to reach our Title I e-mail help desk. In addition the site provides answers to questions regarding standards, assessments, transportation, school choice options, and a host of other links to useful information. (see below).

Families Page Scree Shot