1996 COHORT STATE SUMMARY
Administration

The New Jersey Grade 11 High School Proficiency Test (HSPT11) consists of three sections-Reading, Mathematics, and Writing--and must be passed as one of the requirements for a high school diploma. Students who do not pass all three sections receive additional instruction and are retested on the section or sections they did not pass.

In fall 1995, the New Jersey Department of Education began cohort tracking with regular students enrolled in the eleventh grade for the first time. Cohort tracking follows New Jersey public high school students' educational progress in meeting the HSPT11 requirement during the two-year period that students typically are in the eleventh and twelfth grades. The Cohort State Summary printed in this report shows the progress toward passing the HSPT11 following the April 1998 administration of students who entered the eleventh grade in fall 1996.

The HSPT11 was first administered October 1996 to regular eleventh-grade students in the 1996 cohort. Students who did not pass all sections of the HSPT11 were retested in April 1997, October 1997, and April 1998. Also, students who were not tested originally in October 1996 took the HSPT11 during these subsequent administrations.

Table 1 presents statewide results of the 1996 cohort students' progress toward meeting the HSPT11 requirement. The first column shows that 62,758 students were enrolled statewide in the eleventh grade during the October 1996 administration. This figure excludes classified special education students, limited English proficient students, County Educational Services Commission students, and students who had been retained in the eleventh grade. The enrollment includes 222 eleventh-grade students who passed all test sections in the previous academic year as retained tenth-graders and were enrolled in the eleventh grade for the first time in October 1996.

Approximately 75% of the 62,758 enrolled students passed all sections of the HSPT11 during the October 1996 administration. Following the April 1998 administration, 92.5% of the original group of 62,758 had passed all sections of the HSPT11. Passing information for the 62,758 students is printed in the "Static" section of the report.

Between the October 1996 and the April 1998 administrations, the return of answer folders indicated an increase of 3,757 new students and a subsequent decrease of 2,300 students statewide. This resulted in an updated enrollment of 64,215. Updated passing information is printed in the "Dynamic" section of the report.

 

 

SUBJECT

Fall '96
Grade 11
Enrollment
 
STATIC DYNAMIC
October 1996 April 1997 October 1997  April 1998  UPDATED MOBILITY
INDEX
Number
Passing
%
Passing
Number
Passing
%
Passing
Number
Passing
%
Passing
Number
Passing
%
Passing
Enroll-
ment
Number
Passing
%
Passing
READING 62,758 51,936 82.8 58,094 92.6 58,895 93.8 59,862 95.4 64,215 62,037 96.6
MATHEMATICS 62,758 53,755 85.7 59,068 94.1 59,481 94.8 59,782 95.3 64,215 61,803 96.2
WRITING 62,758 56,378 89.8 59,011 94.0 59,984 95.6 60,437 96.3 64,215 62,445 97.2
TOTAL HSPT 62,758 47,270 75.3 55,556 88.5 57,019 90.9 58,048 92.5 64,215 60,261 93.8 9.7

The statewide mobility index of 9.7 is printed in the final column of Table 1. The mobility index gives the percentage of students who entered and exited the cohort group (exited students plus entering students divided by fall 1996 enrollment). Neither the mobility index nor any other summary statistics shown in this report directly account for absenteeism - which is known to be a factor in student performance.

The data in this report are based on information collected from students' answer folders. Subsequent to the distribution of test results in January 1997, June 1997, January 1998, and June 1998, there was a procedure for amending student identification information to correct errors that were made when students' answer folders were completed. Corrections to student identification information that were received by the State Department of Education by June 19, 1998 have been included in this summary.

This 1996 Cohort State Summary presents passing information for the grade 11 student population administered the HSPT11 in October 1996 and April 1997 and the grade 12 student population administered the HSPT11 in October 1997 and April 1998. The figure below shows that student enrollment included in the 1996 Cohort State Summary varies from that shown on the State Summary (Grade 11 October 1996 administration), and the Cycle I and Cycle II reports.

Identifying Student Enrollment

1996 Cohort State Summary
(Static Cohort)

Cycle 1, Cycle 11, and State Summary
Grade 11 Enrollment

Includes:
  • Students enrolled in the eleventh grade for the first time.
  • Students enrolled in the eleventh grade for the first time who previously passed all three test sections as retained tenth-graders.

Excludes:

  • SE & LE
  • Students who have been retained in the eleventh grade
  • County Educational Services Commission students
Includes:
  • Students enrolled in the eleventh grade (including students retained in the eleventh grade)
  • Eleventh-grade students tested for the first time
  • Retested eleventh-graders

Excludes:

  • SE & LE
  • Eleventh-grade students who previously passed all three sections
  • County Educational Services Commission students

IMPORTANT COHORT DEFINITIONS

Cohorts are defined in two different ways: static (unchanging) and dynamic (changing). A mobility index is reported to indicate the percentage of students entering and exiting the cohort group.

 

STATIC Number of regular students enrolled in the eleventh grade for the first time at the conclusion of make-up testing in October
  • Includes regular enrolled students who were absent for the October test administration
  • Includes regular enrolled students who passed all test sections as retained tenth graders in the 1995-96 academic year (either or both fall and spring test administrations) and who were enrolled as regular eleventh-grade students in fall 1996
  • Excludes special education (SE) and limited English proficient (LE) students
  • Excludes students previously enrolled in eleventh grade and considered retained eleventh graders as of October 1996

The static cohort is fixed (or locked in) at the conclusion of the amendment procedure for the October test administration. This enrollment number will define the base number to calculate the percentage of students in the static cohort who pass the HSPT11 during the two-year cohort period. The static cohort remains fixed throughout the two-year cohort period and does not account for student transfers in or out of the school, district, or state, or for changes in student status.

DYNAMIC Begins with the same students as in the static cohort, but is adjusted after each of the three subsequent test administrations in the cohort period to reflect changes in the cohort since it was initially established

The dynamic cohort reflects changes based on students entering or leaving the school, district, or state; changes in students' grade status; and changes in student status with regard to special education (SE) and limited English proficiency (LE). For example, a student who was identified as special education in the junior year would not be included in the static cohort; however, if the student was declassified in the senior year, the student would be added to the dynamic cohort.

MOBILITY Indicates the percentage of change to the static cohort of the initial eleventh grade regular student enrollment based on entering and exiting students for the school, district, and state; changes in grade level; and changes in SE or LE status

The lower the mobility index, the greater the continuity of the students' educational experiences. The dynamic updated percents passing reflect the students who are enrolled at the time of the April 1998 test administration. Periodically, districts will receive cohort rosters to keep apprised of the names of students included in both the static and dynamic cohorts; and will have the opportunity to update student information for the dynamic cohort that will be reflected in future Cohort State Summary reports.

HIGHLIGHTS FROM THE 1996 COHORT STATE SUMMARY

Table 2 summarizes the progress of the 1996 cohort in Special Needs Districts, All Other Districts, and District Factor Groups (DFGs) toward meeting the HSPT11 requirement. Finally, the detailed report contains district-by-district and school-by-school results grouped by DFG. Progress for each subject--Reading, Mathematics, and Writing--are included in all tables. An explanation of the District Factor Groups is included at the end of this report.

SPECIAL NEEDS

Of the 9,776 Grade 11 students enrolled in the Special Needs Districts in October 1996, 43.6% passed all three sections during the October 1996 administration. By the end of the April 1998 administration, 31.0% more had passed. The percentage, 74.6%, printed in the April 1998 static column indicates the percentage of students in the original group of 9,776 enrolled students who had passed all three sections after the April 1998 administration.

The dynamic section of the report shows the number of students enrolled following the April 1998 administration.  The enrollment number printed in the dynamic section indicates that 10,218 students were enrolled in April 1998. This is an increase of 442 students. Of the 10,218 students in the cohort group, 77.6% had passed all three sections of the test following the April 1998 administration.

 
ALL OTHER

Of the 52,982 Grade 11 students enrolled in the All Other Districts in October 1996, 81.2% passed all three sections during the October 1996 administration. By the end of the April 1998 administration, 14.6% more had passed. The percentage, 95.8%, printed in the April 1997 static column indicates the percentage of students in the original group of 52,982 enrolled students who had passed all three sections following the April 1998 administration.

The dynamic section of the report shows the number of students enrolled following the April 1998 administration. The enrollment number printed in the dynamic section indicates that 53,962 students were enrolled in April 1998. This is an increase of 980 students.  Of the 53,962 students in the cohort group, 97.0% had passed all three sections of the test following the April 1998 administration.

 
DISTRICT FACTOR

Of the 9,964 Grade 11 students enrolled in DFG DE in October 1996, 79.2% passed all three sections during the October 1996 administration. By the end of the April 1998 administration, 16.5% more had passed. The percentage, 95.7%, printed in the April 1998 static column indicates the percentage of students in the original group of 9,964 enrolled students who had passed all three sections following the April 1998 administration.

The dynamic section of the report shows the number of students enrolled following the April 1998 administration. The enrollment number printed in the dynamic section for DFG DE shows that 10,196 students were enrolled in April 1998. This is an increase of 232 students in the DFG DE cohort group. Of the 10, 196 students in the DFG DE cohort group, 97.2% had passed all three sections of the HSPT11 following the April 1998 administration. The mobility index for DFG DE was 8.9.

Dynamic information for DFG A indicates that 73.7% of the 8,431 students enrolled in April 1998 had passed all three sections of the HSPT11. The mobility index for DFG A was 30.8. Similarly, the dynamic information indicates for DFG B that 93.6% of the 6,263 students enrolled in April 1998 had passed all three sections of the HSPT11 while the mobility index for DFG B was 12.7.

Table 2
NEW JERSEY STATEWIDE TESTING SYSTEM
1996 COHORT STATE SUMMARY
STATEWIDE RESULTS

 

SUBJECT

Fall '96
Grade 11
Enrollment
      STATIC DYNAMIC
0ctober 1996 April 1997 0ctober 1997 April 1998 UPDATED MOBILITY
INDEX
Number
Passing
%
Passing
Number
Passing
%
Passing
Number
Passing
%
Passing
Number
Passing
%
Passing
Enroll-
ment
Number
Passing
%
Passing
SPECIAL NEEDS DISTRICTS  
SPECIAL NEEDS                          
READING 9,776 5,528 56.5 7,360 75.3 7,673 78.5 8,178 83.7 10,218 8,878 86.9  
MATHEMATICS 9,776 5,852 59.9 7,714 78.9 7,895 80.8 8,073 82.6 10,218 8,723 85.4  
WRITING 9,776 7,147 73.1 7,923 81.0 8,273 84.6 8,498 86.9 10,218 9,137 89.4  
TOTAL HSPT 9,776 4,261 43.6 6,340 64.9 6,812 69.7 7,296 74.6 10,218 7,929 77.6 27.1
   
ALL OTHERS  
READING 52,982 46,408 87.6 50,734 95.8 51,222 96.7 51,684 97.6 53,962 53,136 98.5  
MATHEMATICS 52,982 47,903 90.4 51,354 96.9 51,586 97.4 51,709 97.6 53,962 53,062 98.3  
WRITING 52,982 49,231 92.9 51,088 96.4 51,711 97.6 51,939 98.0 53,962 53,285 98.7  
TOTAL HSPT 52,982 43,009 81.2 49,216 92.9 50,207 94.8 50,752 95.8 53,962 52,323 97.0 7.2
   
DISTRICT FACTOR GROUPS  
DFG A
READING 8,039 4,184 52.0 5,753 71.6 6,033 75.0 6,509 81.0 8,431 7,134 84.6  
MATHEMATICS 8,039 4,375 54.4 6,048 75.2 6,228 77.5 6,394 79.5 8,431 6,960 82.6  
WRITING 8,039 5,593 69.6 6,285 78.2 6,590 82.0 6,795 84.5 8,431 7,376 87.4  
TOTAL HSPT 8,039 3,082 38.3 4,818 59.9 5,219 64.9 5,664 70.5 8,431 6,210 73.7 30.8
    
DFG B  
READING 6,078 4,745 78.1 5,581 91.8 5,681 93.5 5,787 95.2 6,263 6,052 96.6  
MATHEMATICS 6,078 5,050 83.1 5,700 93.8 5,755 94.7 5,787 95.2 6,263 6,040 96.4  
WRITING 6,078 5,353 88.1 5,675 93.4 5,818 95.7 5,868 96.5 6,263 6,099 97.4  
TOTAL HSPT 6,078 4,173 68.7 5,264 86.6 5,481 90.2 5,593 92.0 6,263 5,864 93.6 12.7
   
DFG CD  
READING 6,343 5,225 82.4 5,942 93.7 6,034 95.1 6,120 96.5 6,514 6,364 97.7  
MATHEMATICS 6,343 5,428 85.6 6,050 95.4 6,080 95.9 6,106 96.3 6,514 6,335 97.3  
WRITING 6,343 5,716 90.1 6,028 95.0 6,140 96.8 6,181 97.4 6,514 6,394 98.2  
TOTAL HSPT 6,343 4,623 72.9 5,668 89.4 5,847 92.2 5,954 93.9 6,514 6,216 95.4 11.9
   
DFG DE  
READING 9,964 8,593 86.2 9,497 95.3 9,599 96.3 9,682 97.2 10,196 10,042 98.5  
MATHEMATICS 9,964 8,944 89.8 9,664 97.0 9,710 97.5 9,734 97.7 10,196 10,065 98.7  
WRITING 9,964 9,238 92.7 9,621 96.6 9,733 97.7 9,762 98.0 10,196 10,096 99.0  
TOTAL HSPT 9,964 7,893 79.2 9,237 92.7 9,438 94.7 9,535 95.7 10,196 9,913 97.2 8.9
   
DFG FG  
READING 7,782 6,825 87.7 7,469 96.0 7,549 97.0 7,609 97.8 7,851 7,757 98.8  
MATHEMATICS 7,782 7,061 90.7 7,554 97.1 7,592 97.6 7,607 97.8 7,851 7,759 98.8  
WRITING 7,782 7,259 93.3 7,479 96.1 7,586 97.5 7,632 98.1 7,851 7,775 99.0  
TOTAL HSPT 7,782 6,356 81.7 7,245 93.1 7,402 95.1 7,484 96.2 7,851 7,666 97.6 6.8
   
DFG GH  
READING 11,206 10,293 91.9 10,949 97.7 11,009 98.2 11,063 98.7 11,402 11,305 99.1  
MATHEMATICS 11,206 10,491 93.6 11,005 98.2 11,031 98.4 11,050 98.6 11,402 11,276 98.9  
WRITING 11,206 10,633 94.9 10,955 97.8 11,026 98.4 11,055 98.7 11,402 11,307 99.2  
TOTAL HSPT 11,206 9,703 86.6 10,719 95.7 10,849 96.8 10,929 97.5 11,402 11,192 98.2 5.8
   
DFG I  
READING 10,875 10,274 94.5 10,720 98.6 10,756 98.9 10,786 99.2 11,056 11,011 99.6  
MATHEMATICS 10,875 10,447 96.1 10,761 99.0 10,779 99.1 10,786 99.2 11,056 10,991 99.4  
WRITING 10,875 10,508 96.6 10,723 98.6 10,782 99.1 10,803 99.3 11,056 11,014 99.6  
TOTAL HSPT 10,875 9,895 91.0 10,583 97.3 10,674 98.2 10,708 98.5 11,056 10,948 99.0 4.6
   
DFG J  
READING 357 347 97.2 355 99.4 355 99.4 355 99.4 366 365 99.7  
MATHEMATICS 357 346 96.9 354 99.2 355 99.4 355 99.4 366 364 99.5  
WRITING 357 349 97.8 355 99.4 355 99.4 355 99.4 366 364 99.5  
TOTAL HSPT 357 339 95.0 352 98.6 353 98.9 353 98.9 366 363 99.2 3.6
   
VOCATIONAL/TECHNICAL DISTRICTS  
READING 2,114 1,450 68.6 1,828 86.5 1,879 88.9 1,951 92.3 2,035 1,936 95.1  
MATHEMATICS 2,114 1,613 76.3 1,932 91.4 1,951 92.3 1,963 92.9 2,035 1,937 95.2  
WRITING 2,114 1,729 81.8 1,890 89.4 1,954 92.4 1,986 93.9 2,035 1,953 96.0  
TOTAL HSPT 2,114 1,206 57.0 1,670 79.0 1,756 83.1 1,828 86.5 2,035 1,841 90.5 10.2