State of New Jersey - NJ Global Warming
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  • New Jersey Department of Environmental Protection - Office of Climate and Energy
    The NJDEP Office of Climate and Energy coordinates programs that reduce greenhouse gas emissions that cause climate change, as well as programs designed to help New Jersey become resilient to climate impacts and adapt to those impacts that are unavoidable.
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  • New Jersey Global Warming Response Act
    The New Jersey Global Warming Response Act adopted statewide limits on greenhouse gas emissions in July 2007. The law mandates the statewide reduction of greenhouse gas emissions to 1990 levels by 2020, approximately a 20 percent reduction, followed by a further reduction of emissions to 80 percent below 2006 levels by 2050.

    The Global Warming Response Act requires the Department of Environmental Protection to work with the Board of Public Utilities, the Department of Transportation, the Department of Community Affairs and other state agencies and stakeholders to evaluate methods to meet and exceed the 2020 limit, and to make specific recommendations to meet that limit while taking into account the economic benefits and costs of implementing these recommendations. New Jersey is the third state in the nation to sign greenhouse gas reduction goals into law.

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  • New Jersey Global Warming Response Act Recommendations Report
    In December 2009, the State released Meeting New Jersey's 2020 Greenhouse Gas Limit: New Jersey's Global Warming Response Act Recommendations Report as required by the Global Warming Response Act. This report provides analyses of significant sources of greenhouse gas emissions, details a broad range of options for meeting New Jersey's statewide 2020 greenhouse gas limit, and provides a framework for how the State needs to move forward to meet its statewide 2050 greenhouse gas limit.

    The report addresses all major sources of greenhouse gas emissions in New Jersey, including transportation, electricity generation, industry, residential buildings, and the commercial sector. The report also addresses sectors such as forestry and agriculture that naturally help reduce greenhouse gas emissions by sequestering carbon dioxide. As such, The report provides a comprehensive technical and financial framework for decision-making related to various greenhouse gas reduction strategies.

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  • Regional Greenhouse Gas Initiative (RGGI)
    Visit Regional Greenhouse Gas Initiative (RGGI)
    • The NJ Department of Environmental Protection and NJ Board of Public Utilities have leadership roles in the Regional Greenhouse Gas Initiative (RGGI), a ten state cooperative effort to implement a regional mandatory cap and trade program in the Northeast and Mid Atlantic addressing CO2 emissions from power plants.

    • The first mandatory market-based program to reduce carbon emissions in the U.S., the program will cap regional power plant CO2 emissions at approximately current levels from 2009 through 2014 and reduce emissions 10% by 2019.

    • On August 15, 2006, a set of model regulations establishing the cap-and-trade program was released. Each participating RGGI state will now proceed to adopt these regulations, either by rulemaking or legislation.
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  • NJ Clean Car Program
    In January 2006, New Jersey adopted rules to implement the California Low Emission Vehicle (LEV) program in 2009. These rules implement the Air Pollution Control Act provisions at N.J.S.A. 26:2C-8.15, which require the Department to promulgate rules to implement the California LEV program in New Jersey. The New Jersey program contains three components: vehicle emission standards, fleet wide emission requirements, and a Zero Emission Vehicle (ZEV) sales requirement. The rules will require automakers to reduce fleet-wide greenhouse gas emissions from the vehicles they sell in New Jersey 30% by 2016.
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  • NJ Renewable Portfolio Standard
     The NJ Board of Public Utilities has adopted a Renewable Portfolio Standard (RPS) requiring that utilities meet 6.5% of customers’ electricity needs from renewable energy sources by May 31, 2009. The RPS increases to 20% by 2020, which is one of the most aggressive requirements in the U.S. Use of renewable energy sources reduces combustion of fossil fuels and the generation of greenhouse gases.
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  • Carbon Dioxide Classified as a Pollutant
     In November 2005, the DEP adopted a new regulation under the authority of New Jersey’s Air Pollution Control Act to classify CO2 as an air contaminant. This rule enables NJ to implement its responsibilities under RGGI and to enact additional rules to control CO2 from other sectors as necessary.
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  • NJ Clean Energy Program - Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy
    • The BPU implements the New Jersey Clean Energy Program, a ratepayer-funded program which provides financial and other incentives to encourage more efficient energy usage, and in state electricity generation using renewable energy sources. The program encourages installation of energy-efficient and renewable electricity generation technologies. The Clean Energy Program offers a comprehensive suite of programs that makes clean energy technologies affordable and accessible to residential customers, businesses, schools and local governments:
    • Residential Energy Efficiency & Assistance Programs -- The Clean Energy Program offers a number of programs to homeowners that help improve residential energy efficiency. These include energy audits and efficiency improvement recommendations; incentives for energy-efficient construction in Smart Growth Areas; consumer education about the federal ENERGY STAR® program; aid to income eligible households; and rebates for energy efficient heating and cooling equipment.
    • Commercial Clean Energy Programs – The Clean Energy Program also offers a series of programs to support businesses, schools and governments: the NJ SmartStart Buildings Program enables energy efficiency upgrades for new & existing buildings; incentives are available to increase industrial energy efficiency by utilizing the waste heat a factory generates; and financing programs, including incentives and low-interest loans, are available to small businesses, schools and local governments.
    • Renewable Energy Programs – To increase the use of renewable energy technologies in New Jersey, the Clean Energy Program oversees several assistance and incentive programs: a rebate program to reduce up-front purchase and installation costs for solar, small wind and sustainable biomass (e.g., plants to energy) systems; support to owners and sellers of solar renewable energy certificates, a marketable commodity; the CleanPower Choice Program which enables voluntary purchases of green energy through local electric utilities; renewable energy project grants & financing for larger projects as well as grants for commercializing new technologies in partnership with the NJ Economic Development Authority; and technical and financial assistance for clean energy businesses.
    • Governor Corzine has established a goal of meeting 20% of New Jersey’s energy needs through energy efficiency and conservation gains by 2020.
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  • NJ Consolidated Energy Savings Program
     The New Jersey Consolidated Energy Savings Program, administered by the New Jersey Department of Treasury, currently procures 13% of total electric demand for State facilities in the form of renewable energy. This ranks NJ 14th nationally in the total amount of renewable electricity procured for State facilities.
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  • NJ Cool Cities Initiative
    As a result of research conducted by DEP and the USEPA on urban heat island effects in Camden and Newark, the DEP and BPU launched the Cool Cities Initiative in the Fall 2003 to green New Jersey’s larger cities by planting trees to create cooler, more comfortable urban environments, reduce air pollution, reduce the demand for electricity and improve urban quality of life overall. $10 million has been provided by the BPU Clean Energy Program and over 13,000 trees have been planted to date. Trees have been planted in Newark, Elizabeth, Orange, Passaic, Trenton and Paterson, with the goal of expanding the program to other urban areas within New Jersey.
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  • Executive Order to Promote Energy Efficiency
    ReadExecutive Order to Promote Energy Efficiency

    On April 22, 2006 Governor Corzine signed Executive Order #11, which is intended to promote energy efficiency and the purchase by State government of recycled products, energy efficient products, renewable energy products, low toxicity products and alternatives to products that contain persistent bioaccumulative toxics. Executive Order #11 created the post of Director of Energy Savings, within the Department of Treasury. The Director (Mr. John Rhodes) has recently begun work to design and implement a program to increase efficiency, reduce usage, and improve the procurement of energy for the hundreds of facilities owned by the state. Currently New Jersey spends approximately $128 million on energy costs. Through energy audits, bulk purchasing of energy, increased use of Energy Star compliant products and implementation of energy efficiency practices at state facilities New Jersey will save millions of dollars.
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  • NJ Green Homes Office
    NJ Green Homes Office

    The NJ Department of Community Affairs Green Homes Office works to increase the use of innovative green design and building technologies, raise building standards and create a consumer demand for efficient, healthy and environmentally responsible high-performance homes. A primary focus is on energy efficiency.
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  • Research
    • The New Jersey Department of Environmental Protection (NJDEP), Division of Science, Research & Technology (DSRT) is issuing a Solicitation for Research Proposals (SRP) in order to address the need for baseline ecological/natural resource data as recommended by the State of New Jersey Blue Ribbon Panel on Development of Wind Turbine Facilities in Coastal Waters. The objective of this study is to conduct baseline studies in waters off New Jersey’s coast to determine the current distribution and usage of this area by ecological resources. The scope of work includes the collection of data on the distribution, abundance and migratory patterns of avian, marine mammal, sea turtle and other species in the study area over an 18-month period.
      To download a copy of the solicitation proposal, please select this link

    • A DEP-managed project recently demonstrated the energy-saving potential of a wireless energy management system (EMS) capable of providing low-cost energy efficiency retrofits in existing facilities. The technology, by reducing energy use in the DEP Building (the test location), provided a 6.5 month payback period. Savings in energy usage for the relevant period of the test was 5,347,183 thousand BTUs, a 38% decrease compared to the same period prior to installation. The project's objective was to evaluate the performance of this innovative energy management system (using both wireless environmental monitoring and wired system controls) with a focus on regulating the building’s existing hot water heaters, main air handlers, and air intake dampers, including economizer devices (these control and vary the amount of outside [fresh] air brought into a structure); limiting unnecessary intake and conditioning of outside air, based on carbon dioxide concentrations inside the building; and, ensuring temperature set back during unoccupied times.

    • DEP has funded and participated in research relating to various aspects of climate change impacts. Among the topics studied are: future impact scenarios, especially as related to NJ’s water resources; urban heat island effect in Camden; sea level rise along the NJ coast.
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  • Settlements and Voluntary Covenants
    As circumstances arise, DEP reaches settlements with firms that are in violation of specific agency regulations. As the facts dictate, these settlements can focus on greenhouse gas emissions reductions. A July 2002 agreement with PSE&G required the company to reduce its combined carbon dioxide emission rate for its power plants by 15 percent relative to its 1990 emissions rate by 2005, or face financial penalties. Similarly, Conectiv was required to pay $2 million in penalties to the state, $1 million of which was used to fund an urban reforestation project in the affected airshed.

    In the recent past, DEP worked with companies, universities and other organizations to develop voluntary greenhouse gas reduction covenants under which the firm or organization commits to pursue energy efficiency and renewable energy strategies to reduce their greenhouse gas emissions. Signatories include eight companies, 56 colleges and universities, 15 municipalities, the New Jersey School Board and Greenfaith (formerly Partners for Environmental Quality), a faith-based organization.

    Activities at the Municipal Level
    DEP’s Environmentally Sustainable Communities Initiative works with municipalities and counties that strive to adopt more sustainable practices within the government, residential and business sectors. Among the strategies advanced are those which reduce greenhouse gas emissions (e.g., energy efficiency, renewable energy) and increase green design, building and landscaping.

    (It should also be noted that twenty-three NJ towns to date have signed onto the US Mayors’
    Climate Protection Agreement, a voluntary, non-binding commitment to reduce municipal
    greenhouse gas emissions 7% below 1990 levels by 2012.)

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