you think of movies, you think of Hollywood. But before Hollywood,
New Jersey was the movie capital of the world.
Jersey became the movie industry's home because motion pictures
were invented here. William Kennedy Laurie Dickson, a worker
at Thomas Edison's West Orange laboratory, invented the first
movie viewer and movie camera. The camera was called a kinetograph,
and the peephole viewer was called a kinetoscope. The names
come from the Greek word kineto, which means movement.
on the camera and viewer began in 1888. By October 1892, Dickson
and Edison had finished versions of the products. They used
flexible 35-mm film from the Eastman Company (now Kodak) to
take the pictures.
first movie devices looked like kitchen cabinets. The kinetoscope
was originally four-feet tall. A peephole on top let the
person see the image. Inside, 50 feet of film moved through
a number of spools. A lamp beneath the film allowed the
pictures to be seen. As the pictures rapidly moved over
the lamp, the still pictures appeared to be moving. For
more details on the Edison laboratory's work on inventing
the movie camera and viewer, check out the Library of Congress'
Web site on Edison