Wilson - Presidency
focused his campaign for president on a platform he called
New Freedom. New Freedom promoted states' rights and individualism.
During his first term, Wilson signed three major pieces of
Underwood Act lowered tariffs but also established the federal
Federal Reserve Act set up 12 federal banks across the nation
and addressed problems with the money supply.
Federal Trade Commission was created to deal with unfair
his first term, Wilson also made major strides in labor laws.
He signed laws prohibiting child labor and limiting railroad
workers to an eight-hour workday.
struck the Wilson family in 1914 when Wilson's wife passed
away. He remarried the next year to Edith Bolling Galt.
the same time, World War I was dragging on across Europe. Wilson
kept the United States out of the war and won re-election in
the election, however, Germany began interfering with and attacking
neutral U.S. sea vessels. Congress, at Wilson's request, declared
war on Germany in 1917.
the help of American forces, the Allies were able to defeat
Germany. Wilson set about creating what he hoped would be a
lasting peace. In 1918, he delivered his Fourteen Points speech,
calling for a League of Nations. The League of Nations would
protect and recognize the independence of all nations, large
traveled to Paris with representatives from the other warring
nations to develop the Versailles Treaty. Wilson returned to
the U.S. to get congressional approval of the treaty, but it
did not pass in the Senate. Ultimately, a separate peace was
negotiated between the United States and Germany.
Wilson believed in the treaty very strongly and toured the
nation to promote it. For his efforts, Wilson was awarded the
1919 Nobel Peace Prize. He was known in Europe as a savior
of peace. However, during the tour, Wilson had a stroke and
nearly died. He never fully recovered and was unable to campaign
again. He retired in Washington, D.C., and died in 1924.