Cancer Among Hispanics In New Jersey

Stage At Diagnosis For Selected Sites By Gender, Race And Ethnicity

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Figures 5-9 show the percent distribution of cases by stage at diagnosis for Hispanics, non-Hispanic whites and blacks for cancers of the colon, breast, cervix, and prostate. Stage is a measure of the extent of disease or the spread of cancer from the site of origin. Early stage at diagnosis is an important predictor of successful treatment and for survival. The cancer sites included in this section are among the most common ones for which screening is available and recommended. Please see the glossary for a description of the various stages and Appendix III for screening guidelines.

Colon Cancer-Males

Figure 5 presents the percent distribution of colon cancer in males by stage at diagnosis and by race and ethnicity in New Jersey residents during 1990-1996. Hispanics had a slightly lower proportion of cases diagnosed at the earliest stages, i.e., the in situ and local stages combined, compared with non-Hispanics.

Colon Cancer-Females

Figure 6 presents the percent distribution of female colon cancer by stage at diagnosis and by race and ethnicity in New Jersey residents during 1990-1996. A lower proportion of cases among Hispanic and black women were diagnosed in the earliest two stages (in situ and local) combined, than among non-Hispanic whites. A higher proportion of Hispanic women were diagnosed with unknown stage.

Breast Cancer

Figure 7 presents the percent distribution of female breast cancer by stage at diagnosis and by race and ethnicity in New Jersey women during 1990-1996. A lower proportion of Hispanic and black women were diagnosed in the earlier stages (in situ and local stage) of breast cancer than were non-Hispanic white women.

Cervical Cancer

Figure 8 presents the percent distribution of cervical cancer by stage at diagnosis and by race and ethnicity in New Jersey women. Since in situ cases were not collected after 1994, this figure only presents data for the years 1990 through 1994. Hispanics had a slightly higher proportion of cases diagnosed at the regional stage, but were otherwise similar to non-Hispanic whites.

Prostate Cancer

Figure 9 presents the percent distribution of prostate cancer by stage at diagnosis and by race and ethnicity in New Jersey men during 1990-1996. Hispanics have the highest proportion of cases diagnosed with localized disease.


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