Communicable Disease Service

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Vector Born Illness

"Vector borne" is the term used to describe illness that is spread when infected blood-sucking insects (such as mosquitoes and ticks) bite a person.  The Communicable Disease Service has staff dedicated to the monitoring, control and prevention of vector-borne diseases.

Specific activities performed by vector-borne illness staff include:

  • Surveillance of vector borne diseases
  • Identifying risk factors
  • Monitoring geographic trends
  • Providing technical assistance and training
  • Educating the public

Some common vector borne diseases in New Jersey include:

Lyme Disease

Rocky Mountain Spotted Fever

West Nile Virus

Ehrlichiosis 

Eastern Equine Encephalitis

St. Louis Encephalitis

Anaplasmosis

Babesiosis

Tularemia


Some vector borne diseases that do not occur in New Jersey but may be identified in travelers returning from other states or countries where these diseases may occur:

Dengue

Yellow Fever   

Malaria

Chikungunya

Plague



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