Measles

Report Confirmed or Suspect Cases Immediately to the Local Health Department.

Measles is a very contagious respiratory disease caused by a virus. Ninety percent of people with close contact with an infected person will get measles if they are not vaccinated. Before the measles vaccine became available, measles was a common childhood disease. Measles is considered the most deadly of all childhood rash/fever illnesses. Symptoms may include high fever, cough, runny nose, red watery eyes, rash. Measles can have serious complications such as ear infections, pneumonia, swelling of the brain, and miscarriage in pregnant women. For every 1,000 children who get measles, one or two will die.


Education Materials
Top ^
Disease Prevention
Top ^
Laboratory Testing and Guidance
Top ^
New Jersey Confirms Travel-Related Measles Case in Bergen County

Contact A Health Care Provider If You Suspect Exposure

A travel-related case of measles – a highly contagious disease – has been confirmed in a 16-year old who traveled to the United States on vacation. The person may have exposed others in New Jersey while visiting between May 12 - 15 while infectious.

People exposed to this person in New Jersey could develop symptoms as late as June 5.

The person stayed at the Ramada Rochelle Park, 375 West Passaic Street in Rochelle Park. Persons who visited the Ramada on May 12 until 11 AM on May 13 might have been exposed to measles.

The teenager was hospitalized at The Valley Hospital in Ridgewood, and may have exposed people from 9am on May 13 until 1am on May 14; and also on May 15 from 3 to 5 pm. Persons who visited the hospital between these dates and times might have been exposed to measles.

The Valley Hospital is in the process of contacting those individuals who were potentially exposed. The Department of Health is working with local health officials to identify and notify people who might have been exposed during the time the person was infectious. Anyone who suspects an exposure is urged to call a health care provider before going to a medical office or emergency department. Special arrangements can be made for evaluation while also protecting other patients and medical staff from possible infection.

Measles symptoms include rash, high fever, cough, runny nose and red, watery eyes. It can cause serious complications such as pneumonia and encephalitis (swelling of the brain). Measles infection in a pregnant woman can lead to miscarriage, premature birth or a low-birth-weight baby. Measles is easily spread through the air when someone coughs or sneezes. People can also get sick when they come in contact with mucus or saliva from an infected person.

Anyone who has not been vaccinated or has not had measles is at risk if they are exposed.

People who travel internationally or who come in contact with international travelers are at particular risk for exposure to measles. Measles remains a common disease in many parts of the world, including areas in Europe, Asia, the Pacific, and Africa. “A dose of measles, mumps, rubella (MMR) vaccine is recommended by the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) for all children 12 to 15 months of age with a second shot recommended at 4 – 6 years of age,” said Assistant Commissioner Dr. Christina Tan, state epidemiologist. “The CDC also recommends that all people 6 months of age and older who will be traveling internationally be protected against measles.”

Before international travel:

  • Infants 6 through 11 months of age should receive one dose of MMR vaccine. Infants who get one dose of MMR vaccine before their first birthday should get two more doses (one dose at 12 through 15 months of age and another dose separated by at least 28 days).
  • Children 12 months of age and older should receive two doses of MMR vaccine, separated by at least 28 days.
  • Teenagers and adults who do not have evidence of immunity against measles should get two doses of MMR vaccine separated by at least 28 days.

For more information about what to do if you’ve been exposed to measles, visit the Department's measles factsheet. The CDC has additional information available here

 

Top ^
Investigation Archive

Jan-Feb 2017 NJ Measles Situations

Situational Update (02/24/2017)

The New Jersey Department of Health (NJDOH) investigated 2 confirmed measles cases identified in NJ and worked with the affected local health departments to manage the exposures. Individuals who might have been exposed were urged to contact their healthcare providers to discuss their exposure and risk of developing illness. Anyone who develops symptoms consistent with measles was urged to call their healthcare provider BEFORE going to the medical office or emergency room so that special arrangements can be made to minimize exposure in the healthcare setting. As of 02/15/2017, no additional cases associated with either situation were identified and both investigations are now closed.

Measles Case in Hudson County

The NJDOH worked with Jersey City Department of Health and Human Services to investigate a confirmed measles case in an individual who developed a rash illness on 1/19 and had recent international travel. As of 02/15/2017, no cases associated with exposures occurring in Jersey City have been identified. Persons exposed would have developed symptoms as late as 02/14/2017. While infectious, the individual potentially exposed persons while visiting the following locations at the dates and times specified:

  • Christ Hospital, 176 Palisade Ave, Jersey City, NJ 07306
    • January 20-January 21, between 9 p.m. and 2 a.m.
    • January 22, between 4:30 p.m. and 9:30 p.m.

  • PATH Stations: Journal Square and Newport AND
    PATH Train: Journal Square - 33rd St Line
    • January 17, between 8:30 a.m. and 11:30 a.m.
    • January 17, between 5:30 p.m. and 8:30 p.m.

  • Newport Tower, 525 Washington Blvd, Jersey City, NJ 07310
    • January 17, between 9 a.m. and 8 p.m.
    • January 19, between 9 a.m. and 12:30 p.m.
    • January 19, between 8:25 p.m. and 10:45 p.m.

  • Newport Mall, 30 Mall Dr W, Jersey City, NJ 07310
    • January 17, between 12 p.m. and 6:00 p.m.

  • 145 Harborside, Plaza 2, Jersey City, NJ 07331
    • January 19, between 11:30 a.m. and 2:00 p.m.

  • LabCorp, 600 Pavonia Ave, Jersey City, NJ 07306
    • January 19, between 12:00 p.m. and 2:45 p.m.
    • January 19, between 4:00 p.m. and 6:15 p.m.

  • Duane Reade, 1 Path Plaza, Jersey City, NJ 07306
    • January 19, between 1:00 p.m. and 3:30 p.m.

  • Square 1, 283 St Pauls Ave, Jersey City, NJ 07306
    • January 21, between 11 a.m. and 2 p.m.

Measles Case in Passaic County

The NJDOH worked with the City of Paterson, Division of Health to investigate a second confirmed case of measles in NJ in an unvaccinated infant who developed a rash illness on 1/21 and had recent international travel. Persons exposed would have developed symptoms as late as 02/15/2017. As of 02/15/2017, no cases associated with exposures occurring in Passaic County have been identified. The Passaic County is case is unrelated to the recently reported travel-related case of measles in a Hudson County adult who also was exposed while traveling internationally. While infectious, the infant visited the following locations at the dates and times specified:

  • Emergency Department at St. Joseph's Wayne Hospital, 224 Hamburg Turnpike, Wayne, NJ 07470
    • January 21, between 6:53 a.m. and 1 p.m.

  • Pediatric Emergency Department at St. Joseph's Regional Medical Center, 703 Main St, Paterson, NJ 07503
    • January 23, between 6:30 a.m. and 3:45 p.m.

U.S. Multi-state Measles Outbreak, 2014-2015 image: updated (10/30/2015)

From January 1 to October 23, 2015, 189 people from 24 states and Washington DC were reported to have measles*. Most of these cases were part of a large, multi-state outbreak linked to an amusement park in California. On 01/23/2015, CDC issued a Health Advisory to notify public health departments and healthcare facilities about this multi-state outbreak and to provide guidance for healthcare providers nationwide. No new cases related to this outbreak have been reported since March 2015. The outbreak likely started from a traveler who became infected overseas with measles, then visited the amusement park while infectious; however, no source was identified. Analysis by CDC scientists showed that the measles virus type in this outbreak (B3) was identical to the virus type that caused the large measles outbreak in the Philippines in 2014.

The United States experienced a record number of measles cases during 2014, with 667 cases from 27 states reported to CDC's National Center for Immunization and Respiratory Diseases (NCIRD). This is the greatest number of cases since measles elimination was documented in the U.S. in 2000.

In 2015, 3 confirmed cases of measles have been reported to the New Jersey Department of Health (NJDOH):

  • One in a Hudson County resident, January. This case has now recovered and no additional cases associated with this Hudson County case have been reported.
  • One in a Princeton University student, February. The student has recovered and no additional cases associated with this Mercer County case have been reported.
  • One in a Middlesex County resident, May. This case has now recovered and no additional cases associated with this Middlesex County case have been reported.

None of these NJ cases had any identified connection to the measles outbreak associated with Disneyland in California.

NJDOH continues to urge providers to remain vigilant for cases of measles (consider measles in persons who present with fever and rash) and would like to remind all NJ residents, health care, and public health professionals about the importance of receiving up-to-date immunizations, especially prior to international travel.

*CDC will update this data monthly.

For more information on outbreaks, please visit: http://www.cdc.gov/measles/cases-outbreaks.html

For more information on measles:

Top ^
Last Reviewed: 5/24/2017