Mumps

Report within 24 hours of Diagnosis to the Local Health Department.

Mumps is an illness caused by a virus and causes swelling of one or more of the parotid salivary glands located within the cheek near the jaw line and below the ears. Anyone who has not already had mumps or has not received the mumps vaccine can get the disease. The disease in adults causes more complications and more than half of the deaths due to mumps happen among people over 19 years of age. The illness spreads from person to person through talking, coughing or sneezing. Symptoms may include fever, headache, muscle aches, tiredness, loss of appetite, and swelling of the parotid salivary glands. There is no cure for mumps, but it can be prevented with a vaccine.


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Outbreak Information

2014 - National Hockey League Mumps Outbreak

Situational Update updated(02/03/2015)

The New Jersey Department of Health (NJDOH) has been made aware that the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) is currently investigating an outbreak of clinically compatible mumps in persons affiliated with the National Hockey League (NHL) - affecting the U.S. and Canada. As of 02/02/2015, NJDOH is aware of three players on the New Jersey Devils diagnosed with mumps and worked with the involved local health departments within NJ to manage the exposures. Three additional New Jersey Devils' players were reported in the news to have been diagnosed with mumps - two have been unable to be investigated and one does not reside in NJ.

As of 02/02/2015, 36 cases of mumps have been identified by CDC as associated with eight teams and officials from the NHL and the American Hockey League (AHL). Parotitis onset dates span from 10/19/2014 through 01/14/2015.

Outbreaks can still occur in highly vaccinated U.S. communities, particularly in close-contact settings. In recent years, outbreaks have occurred in schools, colleges, and camps. However, high vaccination coverage helps limit the size, duration, and spread of mumps outbreaks.

For more information on outbreaks, please visit: http://www.cdc.gov/mumps/outbreaks.html

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Last Reviewed: 5/10/2017