HIV/AIDS, STD and TB
What’s the Story?
HIV/AIDS continues to be an epidemic in New Jersey. More than 37,000 New Jersey residents are living with HIV or AIDS. Currently, the state ranks fourth in the nation for overall cumulative HIV cases among adults/adolescents and has the fifth highest rate of HIV among children. New Jersey has one of the highest estimated proportion of women living with AIDS in the United States. Sexual contact remains the major mode of exposure to the HIV infection.
By the Numbers
Eighty percent of persons living with HIV/AIDS are 40 years of age or older. Fifty-two percent of persons living with the disease are African American. Thirty-three percent are females. The proportion of persons exposed through injection drug use (IDU) is lower than in the past; however, the proportion exposed through sexual contact is increasing.
The Department's Division of HIV/AIDS, STD and TB Services (DHSTS) mission is to prevent and reduce the spread of HIV/AIDS, STD's and TB and to ensure that those infected and at risk of infection have access to the care they need. The DHSTS administers the Rapid HIV testing Program which is used to diagnose patients, provides HIV counseling at local testing sites and administers the AIDS Drug Distribution Program (ADDP) which provides life supporting and life sustaining medications. Free confidential testing and treatment for STDs is also made available throughout the state as well. The Department has implemented the sterile syringe access program with the goal of stopping the spread of injection-related diseases through prevention programs including drug treatment and behavioral interventions, enrollment of injection drug users into drug rehabilitation programs and early identification and intervention.
Did you know?
Over 7,000 HIV/AIDS patients received medications through the state's AIDS Drug Distribution Program (ADDP) from April 2013 to March 2014.
In 2013, approximately 100,000 HIV tests were administered through Counseling and Testing Sites.
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* Rate per 100,000 population
† Only one year of data currently available