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Life Expectancy by Race and Sex New Jersey, 1990-1999

For more recent data, go to the Indicator Profile of Life Expectancy at Birth.

Life expectancy is “the average number of years of life remaining to a person at a particular age”1 and is often used as a summary measure of the health status of a population.  The most commonly used life expectancy measure is life expectancy at birth, the number of years a person born in a given year is expected to live. 

Life expectancy does not change much from year to year and random variation can cause life expectancy to decrease slightly on occasion, therefore the overall trend is key.

Life Expectancy at Birth, New Jersey and the United States, 1900-1999              

Year(s)

New Jersey

United States

1900

--

47.3

1959-61

69.8

69.9

1969-71

70.9

70.8

1979-81

74.0

73.9

1989-91

75.4

75.4

1999

77.3

76.7

-- Not available.

Sources:

National Center for Health Statistics: Vital Statistics Rates in the United States 1940-1960, U.S. Decennial Life Tables for 1969-71, U.S. Decennial Life Tables for 1979-81, U.S. Decennial Life Tables for 1989-91, and United States Life Tables 1999

New Jersey Department of Health, Center for Health Statistics

 

The calculation of life expectancy requires birth, death, and population data.  Since New Jersey death data for races other than white and black and for Hispanics is known to be of poor quality, life expectancy is only presented here for whites, blacks, males, females, and the total population.

Life Expectancy at Birth by Race and Gender, New Jersey, 1990-1999

Year

All Races

White

Black

Both Sexes

Male

Female

Both Sexes

Male

Female

Both Sexes

Male

Female

1990

75.5

72.2

78.6

76.6

73.4

79.5

69.0

64.5

73.1

1991

75.7

72.5

78.7

76.7

73.6

79.5

68.7

64.2

73.0

1992

75.9

72.4

79.1

76.8

73.5

79.9

69.1

64.4

73.6

1993

75.8

72.5

78.8

76.8

73.8

79.7

68.7

63.9

73.3

1994

75.9

72.8

78.9

76.9

73.9

79.6

69.1

64.5

73.4

1995

76.0

72.9

78.8

76.9

74.0

79.7

68.8

64.8

72.6

1996

76.6

73.7

79.2

77.4

74.7

79.9

70.1

65.9

74.0

1997

77.1

74.3

79.6

77.7

75.1

80.1

71.8

68.0

75.3

1998

77.4

74.7

79.8

77.9

75.3

80.4

72.3

69.0

75.2

1999

77.3

74.7

79.6

77.8

75.3

80.1

72.0

68.6

75.1

Source:  New Jersey Department of Health, Center for Health Statistics


In addition to life expectancy at birth, the expected number of years of life remaining for persons at other ages is also of interest.  Typically, life tables are used to display this information.  “The life table provides a comprehensive measure of the effect of mortality on life expectancy.  It is composed of sets of values showing the mortality experience of a hypothetical group of infants born at the same time and subject throughout their lifetime to the age-specific mortality rates of a particular time period, usually a given year.”2

Life Expectancy at Age 65 by Race and Gender, New Jersey, 1990 and 1999

Year

All Races

White

Black

Both Sexes

Male

Female

Both Sexes

Male

Female

Both Sexes

Male

Female

1990

17.2

15.1

18.8

17.2

15.1

18.8

16.5

14.5

17.9

1999

17.8

16.2

19.1

17.8

16.1

19.2

16.7

15.2

17.9

Source:  New Jersey Department of Health, Center for Health Statistics


Of the four race/sex groups shown in the tables, white females have the longest life expectancy and black males have the shortest life expectancy, both at birth and at age 65.  However, the gap has narrowed over the decade. 

View/download complete New Jersey resident life tables by race and gender for 1990-1999

Total (all races, both sexes)

White (both sexes)

Black (both sexes)

Male (all races)

White Male

Black Male

Female (all races)

White Female

Black Female

References

1 Health, United States. http://www.cdc.gov/nchs/hus.htm

2 National Vital Statistics Reports.  http://www.cdc.gov/nchs/products/nvsr.htm

Links to related reports

Life Expectancy at Birth among New Jersey Residents

Life Expectancy at Age 65 among New Jersey Residents

Estimates of Healthy Life Expectancy in New Jersey for Selected Race/Sex Subpopulations, 1996 - 1998 

National Center for Health Statistics (NCHS) FastStats Life Expectancy page

National Center for Health Statistics (NCHS) Life Tables page