the seventh consecutive year, resident births declined in New Jersey.
fertility in the state remained slightly below the population replacement
total fertility rate in white women was well below the replacement
rate, the black rate was slightly over the replacement rate, and the
Hispanic rate substantially exceeded the replacement rate.
percentage of births delivered by cesarean section remained stable
at just under one-fourth.
than one-third of women who had previously delivered by cesarean section
delivered vaginally in 1997.
percentage of births occurring to women under age 20 remained at a
near-record low, while the percentage of births to women 35 years
and over continued to increase.
counties, Cumberland County had the highest percentage of births to
teen mothers, while Camden City had the highest percentage among all
major municipalities in the state.
percentage of births occurring to unmarried mothers continued to increase.
proportion of mothers receiving prenatal care in the first trimester
of pregnancy remained at three-quarters.
(either pre-existing or gestational) was the most frequently reported
medical risk factor among women delivering in 1997.
than half of the births to New Jersey residents in 1997 were accompanied
by some complication of labor or delivery.
out of ten mothers who delivered in 1997 had electronic fetal monitoring
percentage of newborns of low birth weight continued to slowly increase.
number of deaths from HIV infection declined by 42.7 percent from
the previous year.
infection fell to tenth among the leading causes of deaths of residents
of the state.
number of resident deaths decreased from the previous year.
New Jersey crude death rate was higher than the comparable U.S. rate,
but when adjusted for age differences, New Jersey's death rate was
lower than that of the U.S.
death rates were stable or declined in every age group from 1996 to
disease, cancer, and stroke remained the three leading causes of death.
an average day in 1997 in New Jersey, 197 residents died: 63 due to
heart disease, 49 from cancer, 12 from stroke, 8 due to chronic obstructive
pulmonary disease, 7 each from pneumonia/influenza and diabetes, 6
from unintentional injuries, 4 from septicemia, 3 from nephritis/nephrosis
and HIV infection, and 37 from all other causes.
total age-adjusted death rate from cancer continued to slowly decline.
of the deaths among 15 through 24 year olds were due to injuries:
unintentional, homicide, or suicide.
to the major decrease in the number of deaths from HIV infection,
unintentional injuries became the leading cause of death among the
population 25 through 44 years old. Of these deaths, more than half
were due to drug poisonings (overdoses).
was the leading cause of death among residents 45 through 64 years
of age, followed by heart disease.
and bronchus cancer caused more deaths in 45 through 64 year olds,
and in both males and females, than any other cancer type. Breast
cancer was a close second among females in this age group.
disease and cancer ranked first and second, respectively, as causes
of death in the population 65 and over.
and bronchus cancer was the leading cause of death from cancer among
persons 65 through 84 years of age, while colon and rectum cancer
was responsible for more cancer deaths among residents aged 85 and
older than any other type.
the effects of age are eliminated, the death rates for blacks are
higher than for whites and the rates for males are higher than for
females for each of the ten leading causes of death in the state.
infant mortality rate continued to decline.
the decline in the infant mortality rate occurred in black, white,
and other race infants, the rate remained almost three times as high
among black infants as white.
than two-thirds of infant deaths occurred during the neonatal period.
remained the leading cause of postneonatal infant deaths.
number of marriages in the state increased in 1997 and was the highest
number since 1991.
median age of brides and grooms marrying in 1997 continued to increase
for all marriages as well as for first marriages.
were more than twice as many marriages in New Jersey in 1997 as there
number of cases of AIDS diagnosed in New Jersey residents peaked in
1993 and has declined since. The number of cases diagnosed in 1997
was the lowest since 1988.
of New Jersey residents ever diagnosed with AIDS had died by the end
60 percent of the New Jersey resident AIDS cases diagnosed in 1997
were non-Hispanic blacks.
than one-third of the cases diagnosed in New Jersey in 1997 were females,
compared to less than one-fourth of the U.S. cases.
number of new verified cases of tuberculosis continued the decline
which began in 1993.
cases of syphilis, gonorrhea, and chlamydia decreased over the prior
number of reported cases of Lyme disease decreased for the first time
of 1997, almost 62 percent of the health objectives based on vital
statistics and communicable disease data were on track to be achieved.
About 30 percent appeared unlikely to be achieved.
to Health Statistics 1997