birth rates increased among older women and decreased among younger
percentage of births occurring to women under age 20 declined, while
the percent of births to women 35 years and over increased.
median age of women who gave birth in 1998 was 30.1.
births (twins, triplets, and higher order) accounted for 4.1 percent
of all births in 1998.
40 percent of women giving birth in 1998 were first time mothers.
50 percent of black non-Hispanic women, Hispanic women, and all women
under the age of 25 who gave birth were unmarried.
percent of mothers reported that they smoked while they were pregnant.
(either pre-existing or gestational) was the most frequently reported
medical risk factor among women delivering in 1998. However, among
teens, sexually transmitted diseases were more common.
all mothers who delivered in 1998 had electronic fetal monitoring.
percentage of black non-Hispanic newborns of low birth weight was
nearly twice the overall percentage of low birth weight babies.
low birth weight rate among multi-parity births was nine times the
rate for singleton births.
number of deaths from HIV infection declined by 25.9 percent from
the previous year. For the first time since it became a separate,
identifiable cause in 1988, HIV infection was not among the ten leading
causes of deaths of residents of the state.
age-adjusted death rate for males was more than 50 percent higher
than for females and the rate for blacks was more than 50 percent
higher than that of whites.
occurring at home and in nursing homes are rising. Inpatient and DOA
deaths are on the decline.
expectancy for New Jersey residents born between 1996 and 1998 was
disease, cancer, and stroke remained the three leading causes of death
and accounted for 63 percent of all deaths in 1998.
remained the leading cause of years of potential life lost (YPLL)
before age 65, even though the age-adjusted death rate for cancer
injuries were the leading cause of death of persons under age 44.
were 704 deaths from drug-related causes, 424 from alcohol-related
causes, and 374 from firearms in 1998.
infant mortality rate was unchanged from the previous year.
black non-Hispanic infant mortality rate remained almost three times
as high as the rate for white non-Hispanic infants.
who were part of a multiple birth, had low birth weight, were premature
or whose mothers received no prenatal care, were under 20 years of
age, were unmarried, or smoked during pregnancy were more likely to
die within the first year of life.
anomalies was the leading cause of postneonatal infant deaths, followed
median ages of brides and grooms marrying in 1998 were 29 and 31,
respectively, for all marriages and 27.3 and 28.8, respectively, for
percent of brides and grooms under 20 and under 25 years of age continued
number of AIDS cases diagnosed in 1998 was the lowest since 1986.
highest incidence rates of AIDS were among non-Hispanic black males
cases of syphilis decreased from the prior two years, while gonorrhea
and chlamydia were virtually unchanged.
number of reported cases of Lyme disease decreased for the second
time since 1992.
of 1998, 58 percent of the health objectives based on vital statistics,
communicable disease, and Behavioral Risk Factor Surveillance System
data had been achieved or were on track to be achieved. However, the
remaining 42 percent appeared unlikely to be achieved by 2000.
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