In the early 1990s, the National Institutes of Health (NIH) established the Office of Research on Women’s Health and the Department of Health and Human Services created the Office on Women’s Health. Also, the NIH Revitalization Act of 1993, mandating that women and minorities be included in research studies, was passed in Congress. However, health disparities between women and men still exist today.
Women are frequently the gatekeepers to their family’s health by navigating the health care system and managing their family’s health.
- Women’s symptoms and concerns are sometimes treated as mental disorders.
- Diseases, such as cardiovascular disease and HIV/AIDS, affect women and men differently in both symptoms and treatment responses.
- Osteoporosis, depression, sexual violence, autoimmune diseases, and other conditions disproportionately affect women.