Part of the Census 2000 Summary File 1 (SF1) data for New Jersey was released to the public on May 23, 2001, as the Profile of General Demographic Characteristics. Highlights from those data were published in the July 2001 issue of the New Jersey Economic Indicators (pages 9-24). The following highlights were prepared based on additional SF1 data that are not included in the Profile of General Demographic Characteristics.
Unmarried Partner Households
In addition to couples identifying themselves as married, a householder may identify the person he or she is cohabitating with as an unmarried partner. These numbers may underrepresent the true number of cohabitating couples because some respondents may have been reluctant to classify themselves as cohabitating in a personal interview situation and may have described themselves as roommates, housemates, or friends not related to each other.
In both the 1990 and 2000 censuses, the "spouse" and "unmarried partner" response categories were defined and asked the same way. However, there were important differences in data processing that limit the comparability of same-sex unmarried partners between these two censuses.
In both censuses, if a person was identified as the "spouse" of the householder and was the same sex as the householder, the "spouse" response was flagged for further review and allocation, that is, assignment of a value other than that originally reported, based on other data on the form. In 1990, the edit and allocation procedures did not allow same-sex "spouse" combinations to occur, thus resulting in the allocation of one of these two items in order to achieve editing consistency among the responses.
Processing steps were changed for Census 2000 for households which contained same-sex "spouses". If the person with the "spouse" category was the same sex as the householder, and if neither person had their sex previously allocated, a relationship response of "spouse" was allocated as an "unmarried partner" response.
Taking these qualifications into consideration, the characteristics of these partners are examined here:
Group Quarters Population by Type of Facility
All people not living in housing units are classified by the Census Bureau as living in group quarters. There are two general categories of people in group quarters: (1) institutionalized population and (2) noninstitutionlized population.
Institutionalized population includes people under formally authorized, supervised care or custody in institutions at the time of enumeration. Major categories of institution are: correctional institutions (prisons, jails, halfway houses, etc.), nursing homes, and juvenile institutions.
Noninstitutionalized population includes people who live in group quarters other than institutions. They include people enumerated in college dormitories, military quarters, group homes, religious group quarters, etc.
Hispanic (or Latino) by Specific Origin
· Puerto Rican remained the largest Hispanic group in New Jersey with a population of 366,788 in 2000, followed by Mexicans (102,929). Although declining from 85,378 in 1990 to 77,337 in 2000, New Jerseys Cuban population ranked fourth among the states Hispanics. (See the aforementioned New Jersey Economic Indicators article.) Other than these three major groups, Dominicans, Colombians, Ecuadorians and Peruvians also had substantial representations in the states Hispanic population according to Census 2000.
· With a headcount of 102,630, persons originating from the Dominican Republic were the third largest Hispanic group in New Jersey as of April 1, 2000. More than two-thirds (67.4%) of the states Dominicans resided in three counties Hudson (27,709), Passaic (26,954) and Middlesex (14,484). Passaic Countys Paterson City had the highest number of Dominicans (15,331) among the states 566 municipalities, followed by Hudson Countys Jersey City (9,186) and Middlesex Countys Perth Amboy City (8,897).
· Colombians were the fifth largest Hispanic group in New Jersey as of 2000. Their number increased from 52,210 in 1990 to 65,075 in 2000. Hudson County had the largest number of Colombians (12,843), followed by Union County (11,423) and Bergen County (11,161). Union Countys Elizabeth City had more Colombians (7,793) than any other municipality in the state. With a count of 5,110, Passaic Countys Paterson City ranked second in number of Colombians.
· Approximately 57 percent of the states 45,392 Ecuadorians resided in Hudson County (15,396) and Essex County (10,487), as of 2000. Essex Countys Newark City led the states Ecuadorian population (7,611), followed by Hudson Countys Union City (3,984) and Jersey City (3,920).
· Peruvian was another Hispanic group with at least 30,000 population in New Jersey as of 2000. One of every two of the states 37,672 Peruvians resided in Passaic County (11,543) and Hudson County (7,440). Passaic Countys Paterson City had the largest number of Peruvians (7,038). Elizabeth Citys (Union County) 2,830 Peruvians ranked second the in the state.
Asian by Specific Origin
· Other than the six major Asian groups Asian Indian, Chinese, Filipino, Korean, Vietnamese and Japanese (see the aforementioned article in the July 20001 issue of the New Jersey Economic Indicators), Pakistani was the only Asian group with more than 10,000 population in New Jersey as of 2000. About 55 percent of the states Pakistani population resided in Middlesex County (3,131), Hudson County (2,378) and Bergen County (1,191). Hudson Countys Jersey City (1,877) was the only New Jersey municipality with a Pakistani population exceeding 1,000 although Middlesex Countys Edison Township (671) and Woodbridge Township (619) also had noticeable numbers of Pakistanis.
Prepared by: New Jersey Department of Labor, Division of Labor Market and Demographic Research, August 2001.