Frequently Asked Questions
- I believe the remediation at my site has been completed. Why is the Department telling me
that I am out of compliance with the Site Remediation Reform Act and I need to hire a Licensed Site Remediation
The remediation of an entire site or area of concern (AOC) is not complete unless a letter of No Further Action (NFA)
was issued by the Department (prior to May 7, 2012) or an LSRP has issued a Response Action Outcome (RAO). When an
NFA or RAO (also known as a "final remediation document") is issued, that information is reflected in the New Jersey
Environmental Management System (NJEMS); the Department's database used to track the remedial status of contaminated
sites. The final remediation document will identify whether the remediation was for the entire site or AOC(s);
commonly known as the "scope of remediation". For some sites where the scope of remediation was limited to AOC(s),
it is not uncommon for contamination to be identified that is not related to the AOCs for which the final remediation
document was issued. In these situations, the final remediation document should identify the contamination that was
found, but not remediated. If you have been advised to hire an LSRP, the Department's records may indicate: 1) that
the remediation of your entire site or AOC has not been completed; 2) other contamination may have been identified
on your site that was not covered by the scope of remediation that was completed; or 3) there may be outstanding
remediation obligations related to the Industrial Site Recovery Act, the Underground Storage of Hazardous Substances
Act or other criteria listed in the Administrative Requirements for the Remediation of Contaminated Sites at
N.J.A.C. 7:26C-2.2a (see https://www.nj.gov/dep/rules/rules/njac7_26c.pdf).
If any of these criteria apply, an LSRP is required to be retained to complete the remediation. The Compliance
Assistance Manager contacting you should be able to explain why you are required to hire an LSRP and the laws
and regulations that apply.
- My site received a letter of No Further Action (NFA)/Response Action Outcome (RAO).
Why do I need to retain a Licensed Site Remediation Professional (LSRP)?
An NFA or RAO may have been issued for your site in the past. However, having an NFA or RAO for an area of concern does
not mean that the entire site or other areas of concern have been remediated. In addition, contamination may have been
reported or discharged after the NFA or RAO was issued. Understanding the scope of remediation that was covered by the
NFA or RAO is critical in understanding what remediation obligations are outstanding. Please review your NFA or RAO to
determine the scope of the remediation (area of concern or entire site). If that simple check does not identify what
remediation is outstanding, a comparison then needs to be made between the unique numeric identifiers provided in the
NFA/RAO document heading with the current triggering event, as defined by N.J.A.C. 7:26C-2.2(a). If you are not familiar
with the meaning of these numeric identifiers, please contact the Department's Compliance Assistance Program at
609-633-1464 for additional assistance. Most likely, you are being required to retain an LSRP for an unremediated area
of concern or triggering event that was not included in the NFA or RAO.
- Once contacted by Compliance Assistance, how much time do I have to bring my site
into compliance? Can Compliance Assistance grant me an extension?
Do not wait to be contacted by Compliance Assistance. Amendments to the Brownfield and Contaminated Sites Act,
N.J.S.A. 58:10B-1.3, established an affirmative obligation to conduct remediation. This means that if you are
responsible for conducting remediation you must do so without being told by the Department. Compliance Assistance
does not issue extensions. When contacted by Compliance Assistance, at least one aspect of the remediation of
your site is already out of compliance with the Site Remediation Reform Act and its implementing regulations,
penalties are accruing on a daily basis, and you should bring your site back into compliance as quickly as possible.
Any case that is out of compliance is subject to the issuance of an enforcement action including the assessment
of civil administrative penalties. To determine the potential civil administrative penalty liability for
non-compliance, please refer to the Administrative Requirements for the Remediation of Contaminated Sites (ARRCS),
N.J.A.C. 7:26C-9.5. An online copy of ARRCS can be found on the Department's website at:
Note that each day during which a violation continues constitutes an additional, separate and distinct offense
that is subject to penalties.
- I would like to hire a Licensed Site Remediation Professional (LSRP), but I don't
know where to find one. Does the Department maintain a list of LSRPs?
- Can the Department recommend a Licensed Site Remediation Professional (LSRP)?
While the Department does maintain a list of LSRPs as stated in FAQ 4 above, the Department cannot recommend an LSRP.
- I need more information regarding the past remedial activities at my site. How do I
review the Department's case files?
The Department's case files can be reviewed via the Open Public Records Act (OPRA).
Online OPRA requests are submitted through the Department's Record Access Program, which is available on the
Department's website at
- Are there certain cases that are exempt from the requirement to hire a Licensed Site Remediation
Yes. The Administrative Requirements for the Remediation of Contaminated Sites (ARRCS), N.J.A.C. 7:26C-1.4 defines
who is exempt from the requirement to hire an LSRP. A copy of ARRCS is available on the Department's website at:
If you are unsure whether or not you need to retain an LSRP, please consult with your attorney or environmental
professional. If you believe that your site has been incorrectly identified by the Department as a site which
requires that you retain an LSRP, please contact the Department's Compliance Assistance Program at 609-633-1464.
- Can I meet with the Department to discuss my case?
The LSRP Program was established so licensed environmental professionals could provide case oversight without
Department preapproval or involvement. Since the LSRP's role is to direct the remediation, the Department does
not routinely meet on case specific matters. However, the Department has identified a list of Site Remediation
Program representatives and their telephone numbers that may be contacted on a wide range of remediation topics.
This contact list can be found at:
The Department has also established a process to allow Licensed Site Remediation Professionals (LSRPs) and
remediating parties to consult with experienced Department staff on complex, site specific technical matters.
For more information on technical consultations, please visit
Please note that the Department does not define to what extent a person is liable for remediation.
That determination is for the court system to decide. The Department recommends that legal counsel be hired to
address this topic.
- What happens if my case is not brought into compliance?
Failure to conduct the required remediation and submit the required forms/documents to the Department may
result in the issuance of an enforcement action including the assessment of civil administrative penalties
and an order to complete the outstanding requirements. To determine the potential civil administrative
penalty liability for non-compliance, please refer to the Administrative Requirements for the Remediation
of Contaminated Sites (ARRCS) N.J.A.C. 7:26C-9.5. An online copy of ARRCS is available on the Department's
Note that each day during which a violation continues constitutes an additional, separate and distinct
offense that is subject to penalties.
- I would like to file a formal complaint against my Licensed Site Remediation
Professional (LSRP), is there someone I can contact?
The New Jersey Site Remediation Professional Licensing Board (Board) is authorized by the Site Remediation Reform Act
(SRRA), N.J.S.A. 58:10C, to impose disciplinary action against an LSRP when, in the opinion of the Board, the LSRP
has violated the Code of Conduct provisions contained within SRRA. There is an LSRP complaint form available on
the SRPLB's website via https://www.nj.gov/lsrpboard/.
- How can a party update the contact information the Department has on file or provide
pertinent changes in site address information?
Informational updates such as these can be reported on the Department's "Name and Address Change Reporting" Form located
in the Department's Site Remediation Form Library located at:
This form cannot be used to add or remove a responsible party.
- I am the Licensed Site Remediation Professional (LSRP) for multiple sites or I am a
responsible party or person responsible for conducting remediation. Is there a report available to allow me to access
the compliance information available in the Department's records?
Yes. The Department maintains a records access program known as Data Miner, which is available at
Within Data Miner, you will find a variety of reports that will provide you with the current
compliance status of a site or sites, including reports that identify what documents are due or
past due. At the Data Miner webpage, launch data miner by clicking the launch button. Select
"reports by category", select "site remediation", select "case tracking reports" and select the
report type most applicable to the type of search information you have available. Remember to read
the caveat statements for each report to confirm the type of information the report is capable of locating.
For general assistance, after you launch Data Miner, you can click the "Help" icon located at the top of the page.
- I previously submitted the required forms/reports to the Department's Bureau of Case Assignment
and Initial Notice (BCAIN), however, Data Miner does not show that the information has been received. Who can I contact?
First, please verify that the form(s)/report(s) have been submitted to the Department and to the correct
address. If this has been verified, questions regarding the receipt of forms/reports previously submitted
can be directed to the BCAIN duty officer at 609-292-2943.
- The information in Data Miner appears to be incorrect, is there someone I can contact
Yes. If your question is about receipt of forms/reports previously submitted, please contact the
Department's Bureau of Case Assignment and Initial Notice at 609-292-2943 as indicated in FAQ 13, above.
All other questions concerning inaccuracies in Data Miner regarding the compliance of your case should
be directed to the Department's Compliance Assistance Program at 609-633-1464.
- I have questions pertaining to the Annual Remediation Fee Reporting Form,
the Annual Remediation Fee, and/or an invoice. Who can I contact for assistance?
The Department has created a Fee Guidance Document which may answer your questions. The Fee Guidance
Document is available on the Department's website at
If after reviewing the Guidance Document you have questions related to the Annual Remediation Fee
Reporting Form, please contact the Department's Compliance Assistance Program at 609-633-1464.
For all other questions related to the Annual Remediation Fee, unpaid oversight costs, or outstanding
invoices, please contact the Office of Direct Billing and Cost Recovery at 609-633-0701. The website
for the Office of Direct Billing and Cost Recovery can be accessed via
Please note that all unpaid oversight costs and fees must be paid prior to the issuance of a
final remediation document pursuant to N.J.A.C. 7:26C 4.9(c)4.
- Does the Department still accept paper copies of the Annual Remediation Fee Reporting
Form and the Licensed Site Remediation Professional (LSRP) Notification of Retention or Dismissal Form?
No. As of January 18, 2013, the Department removed both the "Annual Remediation Fee Reporting Form" and
the "LSRP Notification of Retention or Dismissal" form from the Site Remediation Program (SRP) webpage.
The "Annual Remediation Fee Reporting Form" and the "LSRP Notification of Retention or Dismissal" form are
now available as online Department services and must be submitted electronically. The online instructions
to both forms can be found on the SRP webpage at:
- Do all cases have a regulatory and mandatory timeframe for the submittal of a
Preliminary Assessment Report and/or a Site Investigation Report?
No. Cases subject to the Industrial Site Recovery Act Rules (ISRA), N.J.A.C. 7:26B, have a regulatory and
mandatory timeframe for the submittal of a Preliminary Assessment (PA) Report and, if required based upon
the PA, a Site Investigation (SI) Report. Cases subject to the Underground Storage Tank Rules,
N.J.A.C. 7:14B, have a regulatory and mandatory timeframe for the submittal of a SI Report.
A Summary of Regulatory and Mandatory Timeframes for Remediation is available at:
- I have completed my regulated UST removal and UST discharge remedial investigation in one
year. Do I need to submit a Preliminary Assessment (PA)/Site Investigation (SI) Form and SI Report if I am
submitting a Remedial Investigation (RI) and Remedial Action (RA) Report within one year?
With all regulated UST closures, a SI Report is a required remedial phase document. If the RI is
complete (i.e., contamination is fully delineated in all media) but the RA is not complete, submit the
Remedial Investigation Report with the site investigation information included along with the completed
PA/SI and RI Forms.
If the RI and RA are complete (i.e., contamination is fully delineated and remediated in all media) and
a final Remediation Document is issued, submit the Remedial Investigation and Remedial Action Reports with
site investigation information included along with completed PA/SI, RI, Remedial Action Report and Response
Action Outcome Forms.
- A discharge was discovered at my site before May 7, 1999 and the remedial investigation
is not yet complete. When do I need to complete the Remedial Investigation and submit the Remedial Investigation
Report (RIR) to the Department?
For all cases where a discharge was discovered prior to May 7, 1999 and the remedial investigation
has not been completed, the Remedial Investigation must be completed and the RIR must be submitted
to the Department by May 7, 2014. This timeframe is established in the Site Remediation Reform Act
at N.J.S.A. 58:10C-27a(3). The RIR submittal date of May 7, 2014 cannot be lengthened based on site
complexity factors, and no extension requests to this timeframe can be granted since it is established
by statute. The Department was not granted the authority to extend this timeframe. When the Site
Remediation Reform Act was signed on May 7, 2009, this law gave responsible parties five more years
to complete the RI for the entire contaminated site for any sites where discharges were discovered
over 10 years earlier. Parties who fail to complete the RI by May 7, 2014 are subject to the
additional requirements at N.J.A.C. 7:26C-14, Direct Oversight.
The Department has prepared a Summary of Regulatory and Mandatory Timeframes for Remediation,
which can be found on the Department's website via the following link:
- What is the difference between a Responsible Party and a Person Responsible for Conducting
A Responsible Party is a party that has an affirmative obligation to remediate, as defined by the
Brownfield and Contaminated Sites Act, N.J.S.A. 58:10B-1.3, as stated below:
"a. An owner or operator of an industrial establishment subject to the provisions of P.L.1983,
c.330 (C.13:1K-6 et al.), the discharger of a hazardous substance or a person in any way responsible
for a hazardous substance pursuant to the provisions of subsection c. of section 8 of P.L.1976,
c.141 (C.58:10-23.11g), or the owner or operator of an underground storage tank regulated pursuant
to the provisions of P.L.1986, c.102 (C.58:10A-21 et seq.), that has discharged a hazardous
substance, shall remediate the discharge of a hazardous substance."
A Person Responsible for Conducting the Remediation includes all parties who are conducting remediation,
regardless of their liability status. This reference includes those who may not have liability but who
are conducting remediation as well as Responsible Parties who have an affirmative obligation to remediate.
A Person Responsible for Conducting the Remediation is defined by SRRA, N.J.S.A. 58:10C-2, as stated below:
"Person responsible for conducting the remediation" means (1) any person who executes or is otherwise
subject to an oversight document to remediate a contaminated site, (2) the owner or operator of an
industrial establishment subject toP.L.1983, c.330 (C.13:1K-6 et al.), for the remediation of a discharge,
(3) the owner or operator of an underground storage tank subject to P.L.1986, c.102 (C.58:10A-21et seq.),
for the remediation of a discharge, (4) any other person who discharges a hazardous substance or is in any
way responsible for a hazardous substance, pursuant to section 8 of P.L.1976, c.141 (C.58:10-23.11g),
that was discharged at a contaminated site, or (5) any other person who is remediating a site.
- If I am a Responsible Party (RP), and another RP for the same site retains a Licensed
Site Remediation Professional (LSRP), do I continue to have an affirmative obligation to remediate if the
case is out of compliance?
Yes. If you are a RP, you remain an RP forever. Your obligation to conduct remediation continues until
the remediation has been completed and an unrestricted use final remediation document has been issued for
the entire site or area of concern, even if another party is actively remediating. Your obligation as a
responsible party also continues if a remediation standard to which you remediated changes by an order
A site can have multiple RPs who have an affirmative obligation to remediate. If one of the RPs is
remediating but falls out of compliance, all RPs may be subject to enforcement. If you are responsible
for conducting remediation at a site where another party is conducting remediation it is in your best
interest to closely monitor compliance in order to avoid being named on an enforcement action.
- My case has been referred to enforcement. Does that mean I will
have to pay penalties?
Once a matter has been referred for enforcement the enforcement manager proceeds with
preparing the enforcement action, including the assessment of civil administrative penalties
pursuant to N.J.A.C. 7:26C-9. Even after the case has been referred for enforcement, parties
should continue to work toward compliance and keep the enforcement manager apprised of progress.
Achieving compliance may influence whether the document is issued, may mitigate the amount of
the penalty assessed and, if the document is issued, puts the responsible party in the best
position to settle the penalty.
- I received an enforcement action. What should I do? Can I
obtain an extension?
Once an enforcement action has been issued it is too late to request an extension. If the
document indicates that the violator has a right to a hearing, and if the violator desires
to exercise that right, the violator should promptly submit their hearing request by following
the instructions provided. Parties responsible for conducting remediation and their LSRPs
should remain aware of regulatory and mandatory timeframes that apply at their site. If
concern arises that a deadline may be missed the party should submit an extension request,
in accordance with procedures at N.J.A.C. 7:26C-3.2, at least 30 days (for regulatory timeframes)
or 60 days (for mandatory timeframes) prior to the deadline. While requests for extensions to
regulatory timeframes which are timely and complete are usually granted, the Department is
limited by law to granting extensions to mandatory timeframes to only specific circumstances.
Although it may be too late to seek an extension, it is never too late to work toward compliance.
Parties who correct violations promptly while their enforcement action is pending a hearing put
themselves in the best position to settle the matter and avoid additional costs, including both
legal fees and additional penalties that continue to accrue for each day of noncompliance.
- What is the difference between a minor and non-minor violation?
Minor violations are those violations for which the Department will allow a period of time
(a grace period) to correct the violations prior to the assessment of penalties provided: 1)
the violation is not the result of a purposeful, knowing, reckless or criminally negligent
conduct of the party responsible for the violation, 2) the act or condition constituting the
violation has existed less than 12 months from discovery, 3) the party responsible for the
violation has not been identified in a previous enforcement action as responsible for the same
violation within the preceding 12 months, and 4) the party responsible has not been identified
as responsible for the same or similar violations that indicates a matter of illegal conduct.
Non-minor violations are violations for which the Department may assess a penalty without
allowing a grace period for the correction of the violation prior to the assessment of
penalties. N.J.A.C. 7:26C-10.3 and 10.4 outline the definition of minor and non-minor violations
and establish the type of violation for select citations within the ISRA Rule at N.J.A.C. 7:26B,
the Administrative Requirements for the Remediation of contaminated Sites rule at N.J.A.C. 7:26C,
Technical Requirements Rule at N.J.A.C. 7:26E,
UST Rule at N.J.A.C. 7:14B, and
Spill Act Rule at N.J.A.C. 7:1E.
- Can I settle my penalty before achieving compliance?
The penalty can only be settled upon compliance with the majority of the ordered items outlined
in the enforcement action. The violator and/or their LSRP or attorney should communicate progress
toward compliance to the assigned BEI compliance manager who will decide when discussion of
penalty settlement can begin.
There are other parties who are also responsible for remediation at a site where I am conducting
remediation. How can I compel those parties to participate in or help fund remediation?
Parties who conduct remediation have a right of contribution against other responsible parties.
Further, remediating parties may seek an award of treble damages against other responsible parties
who have been given the opportunity to participate in remediation but who have failed to do so.
One requirement for an award of treble damages is the issuance of a Spill Act Directive. You may
submit a request that the Department consider issuing a Spill Act Directive by following the