A transit-oriented development (TOD) is a residential, commercial or mixed-use development project, made up of one or more buildings, that has been designed to take advantage of nearby transit and includes features that encourage walking, biking and transit ridership. A TOD project is characterized by:
Compact, traditional building and site design
- Buildings are located close together and face wide sidewalks.
- Building entrances are oriented towards transit stops.
- Buildings are normally three stories or higher.
- No blank walls where pedestrians walk.
- At street level, walls are at least
75 percent windows and doorways.
- Short block lengths are preferred.
Mid-block pedestrian cut-throughs are provided on long blocks. Parking lots are located to the rear and sides of buildings.
A high quality walking and biking environment
- Ease of walking or biking to the transit station is a top priority.
- Pathways are clear and direct with no barriers.
- Sidewalks are wide, crosswalks are well-marked and lighting and landscaping are ample.
- Covered bicycle parking is available.
A mix of transit-supportive uses
- The project includes a complementary mix of uses including housing, offices, shops, markets, hotels, restaurants, salons, services, coffee shops and boutiques.
- The mix can be in the same building or within the same neighborhood.
- A desirable combination consists of retail on the first floor and residential use of the upper floors.
- A wide variety of housing types is available to a range of ages and incomes.
- Immediately adjacent to the transit station, shops are open until 8 p.m. or later.
- Auto-dependent uses such as gas stations, tire and automotive service shops, big appliance stores, motels and big box stores are inappropriate.
Attention to place making and the pedestrian realm
- The transit station is the prominent feature of the town center.
- Small parks or plazas are created near the transit station.
- Comfortable and safe places to sit are provided near building entrances.
- Cues regarding orientation are conveniently located.
- Landmarks that help to identify a place or provide orientation are preserved.
- Street fairs and community celebrations make streets vibrant.
Tallest buildings are located closest to transit station
- Highest density uses are clustered immediately around the transit station.
- The transition between higher- and lower-density neighborhoods is managed by stepping down building heights.
- Parking lots are located to the rear and sides of buildings.
- Parking space requirements become lower the closer you are to transit.
- Parking decks should be "wrapped" or otherwise hidden. First floors should be retail whenever possible.
- Parking should be carefully located, designed and managed.